Fall Semester 2019 Syllabus

First-Year Seminar    Fall 2019
History 190-2    Class Number 2722
Cox Computer Classroom  230-B      TuTh 11:30 – 12:45
Professor Allen Tullos
Office hours: Thursdays  2:30-3:45 at 327 Bowden Hall
and by appointment: allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Beginning with a brief overview of the historical concept of citizenship, this seminar examines citizenship’s changing meanings in the United States.  How have ideals contrasted with realities?  How have social groups organized and mobilized for more expansive and inclusive citizenship?  What are the effects of concentrated political power and extreme economic inequality upon citizenship and social justice?  Topics will include immigration, nationalism, consumerism, and international human rights. This discussion-based seminar draws upon a variety of source materials including primary documents, critical essays, video documentaries, music, visual arts, poetry, and internet resources.

Check this syllabus regularly for updates and changes.

Thursday, August 29:  Introductions and Overview

Citizenship in the News. Discussion of current news reporting and commentary about citizenship in the US.  A ongoing feature of the seminar.   For complimentary access to NYTimes.com provided by Emory, visit:  NYTimes.com/Passes (although it’s free, it requires login with Emory ID and Password).  Other useful, free, sites for this seminar:  PoliticoTalkingPoints Memo,    538,   Pew Research Center,   Roll CallThe Guardian

Direct democracy: the New England town meeting

A town meeting in Vermont (2009)

Eugene Volokh, “Is the United States of America a Republic or a Democracy.”  (2015)

Wealth Inequality in the US (2012)

A chart for Labor Day. “Unions and Shared Prosperity.” (2018)

Jimmy Carter, “The US an Oligarchy” (2015)

IDLES, “Danny Nedelko”  (2018)   Lyrics and notes.    Read about.

Tuesday, September 3:  Historical Ideas about Citizenship

Paul Cartledge, “Ancient Greek Democracy” (2011)

“History of Citizenship” and “Magna Carta” articles in Wikipedia.
Monty Python, “The Annoying Peasant” (1974) (4 min)

Citizenship in the News. Current news reporting and commentary about citizenship.
Patrick J. Lyons, “Trump Wants To Abolish Birthright Citizenship: Can He Do That?” (2019)

Jelani Cobb, “Stacey Abrams’s Fight for a Fair Vote” (2019) New Yorker. 
This article is also available on e-reserves.  To access:  log in at http://web.library.emory.edu/using-the-library/course-reserves/index.html and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.   Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Cobb article.
allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

ASSIGNMENT: Make notes for class discussion on 1) how concepts of citizenship emerged across time and geography; and 2) the significance of Abrams’s voter registration strategy.

Thursday, September 5: Meanings of Citizenship in the US

Reading:  Linda Kerber, “The Meanings of Citizenship,” (1997)
( Free Access:  Login Through Emory Library)

Write 250 to 300 words summarizing Kerber’s essay.  Be prepared to discuss. Turn in your printed summary at the end of class.

Citizenship in the News.
“Tracking Trump’s False Claims” (Washington Post)

John Gramlich, “What Makes a Good Citizen?”  (2019) Pew Research Center
Tierney Sneed, “Court Finds NC Partisan Gerrymandering A Violation of State Constitution” (2019) Talking Points Memo
NY Times E
ditorial Board, “Three North Carolina Judges Step in Where the Supreme Court Refuses” (2019)

Tuesday, September 10: Creating the Constitution

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.  —Preamble to the US Constitution

Read: Jill Lepore, “The Constitution of a Nation.” (2018).   Available on e-reserves.
You can access this chapter by logging in at http://web.library.emory.edu/using-the-library/course-reserves/index.html and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Lepore chapter.
allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Writing: A  250-300 word summary of the assigned reading. Turn in your printed summary at the end of class.  Please include a word count.

Citizenship in the News. In-class discussion of current news reporting and commentary about citizenship.
But on the other hand.  Noah Feldman, “Gerrymandering Is a Cancer State Courts Can’t Cure” (2019)  Bloomberg
Nathaniel Rakich, “The Movement to Skip the Electoral College Is About To Pass a Major Milestone,” (2019) 538

Thursday, September 12:  Sovereignty, Citizenship, and Native Americans

Reading: Howard Zinn, “As Long as the Grass Grows Green” (2005)

View video about the Trail of Tears (27 minutes)

Write 250-300 words summarizing the Zinn and the “Trail of Tears” assignments. Turn in your printed summary at the end of class.

Recommended (not required):  James Taylor Carson,”Ethnic Cleansing and the Trail of Tears: Cherokee Pasts, Places, and Identities.” (2017)

Citizenship in the News:
Jose A. Del Real, 

 Tuesday, September 17: Sovereignty, Citizenship, and Native Americans

Read: Andrew Denson, “Born in Violent Conquest: Review of Steve Inskeep’s Jacksonland” (2016)

View: Claudio Saunt, “The War the Slaveholders Won: Indian Removal and the State of Georgia”

Write 250-300 words summarizing the Denson and Saunt assignments.  Please include a word count.

Recommended (not required) for further reading: Sarah H. Hill, “All Roads Led from Rome: Facing the History of Cherokee Expulsion” (2017).

Citizenship in the News:

Susan B. Glasser, “The Man Who Put Andrew Jackson in Trump’s Oval Office”  (2018)

Thursday, September 19: Justice, Citizenship, and Social Equality

Read: Iris Marion Young, “Five Faces of Oppression” (1990) (Course Reserves).  You can access this chapter by logging in at http://web.library.emory.edu/using-the-library/course-reserves/index.html
and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
This chapter is also available at . https://web.archive.org/web/20151010030413/http://www.consumerstar.org/resources/pdf/young.pdf

Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Young chapter.
allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Write 250-300 words summarizing the Young chapter. Please include a word count.

A goal of social justice . . . is social equality.  Equality refers not primarily to the distribution of social goods . . . it refers primarily to the full participation and inclusion of everyone in a society’s major institutions, and the socially supportive substantive opportunity for all to develop and exercise their capacities and realize their choices. —Iris Marion Young

Citizenship in the News:
Richard North Patterson, “America’s Suffocating Class System” (2018)
Ryan P. Smith, “How Native American Slaveholders Complicate the Trail of Tears Narrative” (2019) Smithsonian.com

Tuesday, September 24: The Long Struggle for African American Citizenship

David Blight, “The Civil War Lies on Us Like a Sleeping Dragon” (2017)

Frederick Douglass, “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?” (1852)

Write 250-300 words discussing the Blight and Douglass readings. Please include a word count.

David Waldstreicher,  “How the Constitution Was Indeed Pro-Slavery,” (2015)
View: Natasha Trethewey, “Elegy for the Native Guards,” (2005)
Visualizing the Transatlantic Slave Trade: 1500-1900.

Citizenship in the News:
Rebecca Klein, “American Students Aren’t Learning the Truth About Slavery.” (2018)
Cleve R. Wootson, Jr., “Trump Implied Frederick Douglass Was Alive” (2017)

Thursday, September 26:  African Americans and Citizenship

Read: C. Vann Woodward  —   “Seeds of Failure in Radical Race Policy,” (1966)

Recommended: “Fourteenth Amendment”

Write 250-300 word summary of  Woodward’s article. Please include a word count.

Citizenship in the News:

David Leonhardt, “Donald Trump vs. the United States of America,” (2019) NY Times

Tuesday, October 1: Citizens, Persons, People

Read:  Jill Lepore, “Of Citizens, Persons, and People.” (2018).  Available on e-reserves.
You can access this chapter by logging in at http://web.library.emory.edu/using-the-library/course-reserves/index.html and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Lepore chapter.

Quiz on the Lepore chapter

Citizenship in the News:
Vanessa Friedman, “Dior Finally Says No to Sauvage,” (2019) NY Times

Thursday, October 3: Scenes from the 1960s’ Civil Rights Movement

View prior to class:  Eyes on the Prize, Part 4, “No Easy Walk” (Begin video at 21:00 minutes and watch until conclusion)
This video is also available at  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8mZCUncW0dw

Read: Martin Luther King, Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail” (1963)

Recommended: “Letter from Birmingham Jail”

Quiz on King’s “Letter”

Citizenship in the News:

Michael D. Shear and Zolan Kanno-Youngs, “Trump Slashes Refugee Cap to 18,000, Curtailing U.S. Role as Haven,” (2019) NY Times

“Jeff Sessions Faces Complaint From Fellow United Methodists Over Border Separations.”  (2018)

“Migrant Children Describe Tent City As ‘Punishment,’ Experts Say.”  (2018)

Tuesday, October 8: Participatory Democracy and the Civil Rights Movement

View prior to class: Eyes on the Prize, Part 5,  “Bridge to Freedom” (55:08)

Write a page of talking points for class discussion based on the “Bridge to Freedom” video.  Turn in your talking points at the end of class.

Why Build a Lynching Memorial?

Equal Justice Initiative Museum and Memorial, Montgomery Alabama

“Tennessee”     Arrested Development  1993.  LYRICS

Ella Baker  (1903-86) and participatory democracy.

Ella Baker and SNCC

Judy Richardson, former SNCC member and researcher and series associate producer for the series Eyes on the Prize  talks about Ella Baker. https://video.choices.edu/media/who-was-ella-baker   (2012) (2 min)

Ella Baker speaks to Puerto Rico solidarity rally in 1974.

Citizenship in the News:
Monica Potts, “In the Land of Self-Defeat,” (2019) NY Times.
Anikta Rao, “Ex-prisoners sue over Republican bid to restrict voting rights,” (2019) Guardian
Tara Siegel Bernard and Karl Russell, “The Middle-Class Crunch: A Look at 4 Family Budgets,” (2019) NY Times

Thursday, October 10:  Music and 1960s’ Political Movements

“When the music changes, the walls of the city shake.” — Plato

Make a list of talking points for class discussion about how particular songs expressed the values and emotions of the civil rights and anti-war movements.   Also consider which songs seem most suited for marching and protesting and which songs chiefly comment upon or evoke feelings about political topics.
Turn in your talking points after class.

In addition, turn in a paragraph discussing your proposed semester paper topic and possible sources you will use.

“Protest Music. 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, and Peace and Revolution”
http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Protest_songs_in_the_United_States#1960s:_The_Civil_Rights_Movement.2C_the_Vietnam_War.2C_and_Peace_and_Revolution


“Eyes on the Prize,”   Mavis Staples.

“A Change Is Gonna Come,” written and sung by Sam Cooke. 1968.  Read about the song.

John Coltrane    “Alabama”   (1963)  Written in response to the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing on September 15, 1963, an attack by the Ku Klux Klan in Birmingham, Alabama that killed four African-American girls.

Another song in reaction to the Birmingham church bombing: Nina Simone performs “Mississippi Goddamn.”    (1964)

Bob Dylan,      “Blowin’ in the Wind”  (1963)

Phil Ochs,    “I Ain’t A-Marchin’ Any More.”   (1965)

Creedence Clearwater Revival,     “Fortunate Son.” (1969)

Read about “Fortunate Son.”

Sgt. Barry Sadler, “Ballad of the Green Berets”    (1966)   

Read about.

Neil Young,    “Ohio.”   (1970)
Read about “Ohio”

John Prine,    “Your Flag Decal Won’t Get You into Heaven Any More”  (1971)

Citizenship in the News:  
Barbara Jordan, “1974 Impeachment Hearings Opening Statement”

Tuesday,  October 15  Fall Break

Thursday, October 17: 

In-class discussion of documentary about James Baldwin,   I Am Not Your Negro (93 min) (2016).  Directed by Raoul Peck.

Prior to class: view the Baldwin documentary and write a 250-300 word summary.  Please include a word count.
For reference:
Medgar Evers
Lorraine Hansbery

Citizenship in the News: 
Emmanuel Saez and

Tuesday, October 22: Two Scenes from the Women’s Rights Movement in the US

“Stepping through History: Timeline of Women’s Rights in the US”

When I pass the gate of the celestials and good Peter asks me where I wish to sit, I will say, ‘Anywhere so that I am neither a negro or a woman.  Confer on me, great angel, the glory of White manhood, so that henceforth I may feel unlimited freedom.Elizabeth Cady Stanton to Susan B. Anthony (1859).  (Quoted in Jill Lepore, These Truths, 314)


“Women’s rights and the Seneca Falls convention”



Linda Greenhouse, “Who Killed the ERA?”   (New York Review of Books, Oct 12, 2017)
Check you email for a pdf of this article.

For class discussion, and to turn in: Write 250-300 words about the history of women’s rights in the US that make reference to Seneca Falls and the ERA.  

Recommended: Equal Rights Amendment
Margaret Fuller’s Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1843-1845) 

Citizenship in the News: 
Annie Karni, “Trump Dismisses Constitution’s ‘Phony Emoluments Clause'” (2019) NY Times
Emoluments Clause (Wikipedia)
Sam Levine, “Listen to Justice Elena Kagan Voice Her Searing Dissent in Gerrymandering Case” (2019) HuffPost
Valerie Plame for Congress”  campaign ad (2019)

Thursday, October 24: Immigration: Chinese Labor and Exclusion

I want a home here not only for the negro, the mulatto and the Latin races; but I want the Asiatic to find a home here in the United States, and feel at home here, both for his sake and for ours.  — Frederick Douglass, 1869.  “Frederick Douglass Describes the ‘Composite Nation’.” 

Read: Nadja Sayej, “‘Forgotten by society’: how Chinese migrants built the transcontinental railroad”. (2019)
Read about the Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)

Read: Maxine Hong Kingston, “Grandfather of the Sierra Nevada” (1980), a chapter from her book China Men.  (Course Reserves)
Read about China Men .

Write 250-300 word summary of  Kingston chapter.  

Citizenship in the News: 
Visit the Pew Research Center for research on current public attitudes about religious affiliation, gun laws, and impeachment.

Tuesday, October 29: Recent History of Latin American Immigration

View Harvest of Empire and take notes for class discussion; turn in a 250-300 word summary of the documentary.  Please include a word count.

Harvest of Empire: Latinos in America (2012) (One hour and thirty minutes)

Write a 250-300 word summary in which you identify the main themes of the documentary and make at least one mention of each of the countries discussed in it.

Citizenship in the News: Trump campaign announcement, June 16, 2015

Recommended: Lanny Thompson, “The Colonialist’s Gaze” (2017) (video.  8:30 min)

Thursday, October 31: Current Immigration Policy and Politics

Read: Nick Miroff and Josh Dawsey, “The Adviser Who Scripts Trump’s Immigration Policy,” (2019) Washington Post  (Course Reserves)
Lisa Belkin, “Trump Aide Stephen Miller, Meet Your Great-Grandfather,” (2019) HuffPost

For class discussion, and to turn in: Write 250-300 words that summarize the readings. 

Citizenship in the News:
Jason DeParle, “How Stephen Miller Seized the Moment to Battle Immigration,” (2019) NY Times
Emily Badger, “Children of poor immigrants rise, no matter where they come from” (2019) NY Times
Nicholas Kulish and Mike McIntire, “Why an Heiress Spent Her Fortune Trying to Keep Immigrants Out,” (2019) NY Times 

Tuesday, November 5: The Stonewall Uprising and the Gay Rights Movement

View prior to class: The Stonewall Uprising. (2011). (1:20)

This is a free Spanish subtitled version. The spoken portions of the documentary are in English and you can turn on the English subtitles as well. (The free version on PBS has suddenly become a pay-only version.)

Write 250-300 words summary on this documentary film.  

Citizenship in the News:
Omar G. Encarnación, “Why Gay Reparation’s Time Has Come” (2019) New York Review
Eric Solomon, “Love and Death in Mississippi” (2018) Southern Spaces

Thursday, November 7: Bank Deregulation and the Great Recession

Write 250-300 words updating your semester project.  (Topic, sources, progress.)

In class: excerpts from  Academy Award winning documentary Inside Job (2010).
Read about Inside Job

Citizenship in the News: 
Michael Wines, “The Student Vote Is Surging.  So Are Efforts To Suppress It.” (2019) NY Times
Zach Carter, “For Elizabeth Warren, the Wealth Tax Is More Than About Money,” (2019) Huff Post

Tuesday, November 12: Recession’s  Aftermath and Citizen Reaction

Read: Drew Weston, “What Happened to Obama,” (2011)
Robert Kuttner, “The Crash That Failed” (2018) New York Review
Matt Taibbi, “Ten Years After the Crash, We’ve Learned Nothing” (2018) Rolling Stone

Write 250-300 words summarizing the major points of Weston, Kuttner, and Taibbi.  

In class discussion of Inside Job.

Citizenship in the News:
Masha Gessen, “The Homophobic Activist Who Won an Audience with Two Supreme Court Justices,” (2019) New Yorker
Adam Liptak, “Supreme Court Appears Ready to Let Trump End ‘Dreamers’ Program,” (2019) NY Times

Thursday, November 14: Structural Inequality and the Costs to Citizenship 

Read: Joseph E. Stiglitz, “The American Economy Is Rigged and What We Can Do About It” Scientific American (Nov. 2018).  
Write: 250-300 words summarizing the main points of Stiglitz for class discussion.

For reference:
David Leonhardt, “Our Broken Economy in One Simple Chart” (2017).

View: “Wealth Inequality in America”

Citizenship in the News: 
Paul Krugman, “Bursting the Billionaire Bubble,”  (2019) NY Times

Tuesday, November 19: Disability, Accessibility Rights, and Citizenship

View:  Judith Heuman, “Our fight for disability rights and why we’re not done yet.”  (21 min)

Write a 250-300 summary that reflects on Heuman’s presentation.  In your summary, you can also draw upon these Wikipedia articles:  “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990″
and “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” (Wikipedia)

Recommended: “Social Model of Disability” (Wikipedia).  On the difference between impairment and disability.

Citizenship in the News:  
“It’s Time for a National Museum of Disability,” NY Times, 2018.
Michelle Goldberg, “Steven Miller is a White Nationalist.  Does It Matter?” (2019) NY Times

Thursday,  November 21: Campaigns, Inc.  vs  National Health Care

Read: Excerpts from Jill Lapore’s These Truths tracing  the sequence of historical efforts to achieve national health care in the US and the persistent opposition by private medical associations and insurance companies through their use of public relations and advertising firms.  Available on Course Reserves as pdf.  (37pages)
Write 250-300 words summarizing Lapore’s narration of the politics of this health care history.
Recommended: Paul Krugman, “Doing the Health Care Two-Step” (2019) NY Times

Citizenship in the News: 
Impeachment: How it works.  Short video prepared by NY Times (2019).
Also in class: catching up with recent election news, effects of Citizens United, and the 2020  campaigns.

Tuesday, November 26:  Citizenship in the News

Find two or three recent news article about a topic of interest to you that relates to our discussion citizenship.  Write a 250-300 word summary of these articles and be prepared to discuss your topic in class.

Thursday, November 28    Thanksgiving 

Tuesday, December 3: Violence/Non-Violence in Pursuit of Social Justice

Read: Judith Butler, “Protest: Violent and Nonviolent,” (2019).  Available on Course Reserves.
Write 250-300 words commenting on Butler’s article.

Recommended:  The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Wikipedia)
Recommended: Citizens United vs. FEC (Wikipedia)

Citizenship in the News:  

Thursday, December 5: Student Presentations and discussion

Tuesday, December 10: Student Presentations and discussion

Paper Deadline: Turn in final papers no later than Monday,  Dec 16 at 5:30 p.m.   E-mail (allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu)  or hard copies are acceptable.  If you choose to turn in your paper as a hard copy, place it in Prof. Tullos’ mailbox outside his office door at 327 Bowden Hall.