First-Year Seminar    Fall 2021
History 190-5     (Class Number 1146)
Professor Allen Tullos   
Seminar meeting: Tues/Thurs 2:30-3:45  in Candler Library 114
Office hours: Mondays 2-3 p.m.  at and by appointment. allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu
The Emory Forward website provides the latest COVID-19 guidance, policies, and protocols for the university. Masks are required indoors at all times. 

This seminar examines citizenship’s changing meanings in US history.  How have constitutional ideals, political visions, and social promises contrasted with realities?  How have oppressed, marginalized, and disfranchised social groups organized and mobilized for more expansive and inclusive citizenship?  What are the implications of concentrated political power and extreme economic inequality for the possibilities and prospects of social justice?  For voters’ choices and rights? Topics will also include immigration, nationalism, consumerism, and international human rights. This discussion-based seminar draws upon a variety of source materials including primary documents, critical essays, media documentaries, music, visual arts, poetry, and internet resources.  An ongoing feature of the seminar is discussion about current political news and developments in the context of citizenship.

Refresh your browser regularly and check this syllabus for updates and changes.

Thursday, August 26:  Introductions and Overview

There was a time, some decades ago, when I became inescapably aware that my power as a tax-paying and voting US citizen was horrifyingly disproportionate, and that I was the happy beneficiary of a system that, in exchange for its blessings, required of me not much more than ignorance—that I was complicit (to use a deservedly fashionable word) in committing atrocities I knew nothing about against people I knew nothing about.    -–Deborah Eisenberg  (2021)

Introducing the Scholarblogs syllabus site
and the semester’s assignments.

For complimentary access to provided by Emory, visit: (although it’s free, it requires login with Emory ID and Password).  Other useful, free, sites for this seminar :  Pew Research Center, Borowitz Report, GovTrackPoliticoTalkingPoints Memo538,  Roll CallBallotpedia

Introducing major themes of the Citizenship Seminar;

“Census release shows America is more diverse and more multiracial than ever” CNN (2021)
Interactive map of 2020 US diversity. CNN (2021)

Charles M. Blow, “It Was a Terrifying Census for White Nationalists” NY Times (2021).  

Direct democracy: the New England town meeting

A town meeting in Vermont (2009)

Wealth Inequality in the US (2012)

“Unions help reduce disparities and strengthen our democracy,”  Economic Policy Institute (2021)
Jimmy Carter, “The US an Oligarchy” Rolling Stone (2015)

Citizenship in the News.  A regular feature of the seminar.  In-class discussion of current news reporting and commentary about citizenship.
 Two useful websites about student voter registration and electoral participation: Emory Path to the Polls website and  
“Tracking Trump’s False Claims” Washington Post (2021)

Tuesday, August 31:    Citizenship — A Changing Concept

Continuing discussion from August 26 seminar on major themes of the course.

Paul Cartledge, “Ancient Greek Democracy” BBC (2011)

“History of Citizenship” and “Magna Carta” articles in Wikipedia.
Subjects and Citizens   Monty Python, “The Annoying Peasant” (1974) (4 min)

Eugene Volokh, “Is the United States of America a Republic or a Democracy.”  (2015)

Be prepared to discuss in class: how concepts of citizenship emerged historically and geographically.

Langston Hughes, “Let America Be America Again”  (1935). 
Richard Blanco, “Como Tú / Like You / Like Me” (2019)

WRITING ASSIGNMENT:  Print and bring to class a 250-300 word commentary in which you reflect on any previous classes (from elementary school to the present) you have taken that dealt with citizenship, US politics and government, movements for social justice, or “civics.”  

Citizenship in the News:

Robert Gebeloff, Denise Lu, and Miriam Jordan, “Inside the Diverse and Growing Asian Population in the U.S.” NY Times (2021)
Visit the Pew Research Center for social science research on current public attitudes about such topics as religious affiliation, gun laws,  voting rights, etc.
John Gramlich, “What Makes a Good Citizen?”  (2019) Pew Research Center
Adam Nossiter and Eric Schmitt, “U.S. War in Afghanistan Ends as Final Evacuation Flights Depart,” NY Times (2021).  “There are known knowns” Wikipedia.  Rumsfeld video. 

Thursday, September 2: Meanings of Citizenship in the US

Reading:  Linda Kerber, “The Meanings of Citizenship,” (1997)
( Free Access:  Login Through Emory Library).   You will be asked for your Emory ID and Password.
Historical Chart of US Voter Turnout     Fair Vote

Write 250 to 300 words summarizing Kerber’s essay.  Print and bring to class for discussion. 

Citizenship in the News: 
What is gerrymandering?
Nick Corasaniti, “Let the Gerrymandering (and the Legal Battles) Begin”  NY Times (2021)
Sam Levine, “Listen to Justice Elena Kagan Voice Her Searing Dissent in Gerrymandering Case”  HuffPost 2019 
“An Extremely Detailed Map of the 2020 Election” NY Times (2021)
Visit the Fair Fight website.

Tuesday, September 7: Creating the Constitution

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.  —Preamble to the US Constitution

Read: Jill Lepore, “The Constitution of a Nation.” (2018).   Available on e-reserves.
You can access this chapter by logging in at and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Lepore chapter.
allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Writing: Print and bring to class for discussion a  250-300 word summary of the assigned reading. 

Recommended: Visit website —  Visualizing the Transatlantic Slave Trade: 1500-1900.

Citizenship in the News: In-class discussion of current news reporting and commentary about citizenship.
Denise Lu, Charlie Smart and Lazaro Gamio, “Where the Racial Makeup of the U.S. Shifted in the Last Decade,” NY Times (2021)
“How the racial makeup of where you live has changed since 1990”  Washington Post (2021)

Thursday, September 9:  Sovereignty, Citizenship, and Native Americans

Reading: Howard Zinn, “As Long as the Grass Grows Green” (2005)
Write 250-300 words summarizing the Zinn chapter. 

Recommended: James Taylor Carson,”Ethnic Cleansing and the Trail of Tears: Cherokee Pasts, Places, and Identities.” (2017)

Citizenship in the News:
Jose A. Del Real, 

 Tuesday, September 14: Sovereignty, Citizenship, and Native Americans
As someone else once said, if studying history mainly makes you feel happy and proud, you probably aren’t really studying history.Fara Dabhoiwala

View illustrated lecture by Claudio Saunt, “The War the Slaveholders Won: Indian Removal and the State of Georgia”

Also: visit interactive map developed by Saunt, Invasion of America

Print and bring to class: 250-300 words summarizing the main points of the Saunt lecture.  (Include word count)

Recommended (not required) for further reading: Sarah H. Hill, “All Roads Led from Rome: Facing the History of Cherokee Expulsion” (2017).

Citizenship in the News:
Sheryl Gay Stolberg, “G.O.P. Seethes at Biden Mandate, Even in States Requiring Other Vaccines” NY Times (2021)

Susan B. Glasser, “The Man Who Put Andrew Jackson in Trump’s Oval Office”  Politico (2018).

Thursday, September 16: Justice, Citizenship, and Social Equality

A goal of social justice . . . is social equality.  Equality refers not primarily to the distribution of social goods . . . it refers primarily to the full participation and inclusion of everyone in a society’s major institutions, and the socially supportive substantive opportunity for all to develop and exercise their capacities and realize their choices. —Iris Marion Young

Read: Iris Marion Young, “Five Faces of Oppression” (1990) (Course Reserves).  You can access this chapter by logging in at
and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
This chapter is also available at .

Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty accessing the Young chapter.
allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Print and bring to class 250-300 words summarizing the key points of Young. (Include word count)

Citizenship in the News: 

Linda Greenhouse, “Legislating in the Name of God,” NY Times (2021)
Perry Bacon, Jr.,
“The Latest on Republican Efforts to Make It Harder to Vote.” (2020)
Richard North Patterson, “America’s Suffocating Class System” (2018)

Tuesday, September 21: The Long Campaign for African American Citizenship

Frederick Douglass, “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?” (1852)

Write 250-300 words discussing the Douglass reading. 

Curtis M. Wong, “Telling People To Get Vaccinated Is Leftist Plot Against Trump Voters, Breitbart Claims” Huff Post (2021) 
David Blight, “The Civil War Lies on Us Like a Sleeping Dragon” (2017)
David Waldstreicher,  “How the Constitution Was Indeed Pro-Slavery,” (2015)
View: Natasha Trethewey, “Elegy for the Native Guards,” (2005)

Citizenship in the News:
Rebecca Klein, “American Students Aren’t Learning the Truth About Slavery.” (2018)
Cleve R. Wootson, Jr., “Trump Implied Frederick Douglass Was Alive” (2017)

Thursday, September 23.  African Americans, Citizenship, and Reconstruction

Read: C. Vann Woodward  —   “Seeds of Failure in Radical Race Policy,” (1966)

Recommended for background:  “Reconstruction Amendments” 
“Fourteenth Amendment”

Write 250-300 word summary of  Woodward’s article.  

Citizenship in the News:
Jens Manuel Krogstad and Luis Noe-Bustamante, “Key Facts About U.S. Latinos for National Hispanic Heritage Month” Pew Research Center (2021)
Paul Krugman, “America Needs To Empower Workers Again” NY Times (2021)

Tuesday, September 28: Nationalism, Whiteness, and the Emerging US Empire

Daniel A. Pollock, “Spectacles of American Nationalism: The Battle of Atlanta Cyclorama Painting and The Birth of a Nation” Southern Spaces (2021)

Seminar visitor: Dr. Rob O’Reilly, Data Librarian, Emory Center for Digital Scholarship. Using the Census and Social Explore — online resources for your research.

Write 250-300 word summary of  Pollock’s essay.  

Citizenship in the News:
Michael E. Ruane, “In 1865, thousands of Black South Carolinians signed a 54-foot-long freedom petition”  Washington Post (2021)
Nate Silver, “The Senate’s Rural Skew Makes It Very Hard For Democrats To Win The Supreme Court” (2020)

Thursday, September 30: Citizens, Persons, People

Read:  Jill Lepore, “Of Citizens, Persons, and People.” (2018).  Available on e-reserves.
You can access this chapter by logging in at and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Lepore chapter.

Write: 250-300 words summarizing Lepore’s chapter.

Citizenship in the News:
David Leonhardt, “Red Covid: Covid’s partisan pattern is growing more extreme” NY Times (2021)

Tuesday, October 5: Scenes from the 1960s’ Civil Rights Movement

View prior to class:  Eyes on the Prize, Part 4, “No Easy Walk” (Begin video at 21:00 minutes and watch until conclusion). You will need to enter your Emory ID and Password.

Read: Martin Luther King, Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail” (1963)

Recommended: “Letter from Birmingham Jail”

Write: 250-300 word summary of Dr. King’s “Letter.”

Seminar visitor: Dr. Erica Bruchko,  African American Studies and US History Librarian. Discussion of library tools that can be useful in researching your final paper:
US History Research Guide - 
Library Catalog (discoverE) - 
Databases - 
Academic Search Complete (EBSCO) - 

 Students can schedule appointments with Dr. Erica Bruchko at this webpage:  

Citizenship in the News:
Paul Krugman, “On Very Serious People, Climate and Children” NY Times (2021)
Luke Broadwater, “With Biden’s Agenda in the Balance, Lobbying Kicks Into High Gear” NY Times (2021)

Thursday, October 7: Participatory Democracy and the Civil Rights Movement

View prior to class: Eyes on the Prize, Part 5,  “Bridge to Freedom” (55:08) You will need to enter your Emory ID and Password.
Also at

Write 250-300 word summary for class discussion based on the “Bridge to Freedom” video.


Equal Justice Initiative Museum and Memorial, Montgomery Alabama

Ella Baker  (1903-86) and participatory democracy.

Ella Baker and SNCC

Judy Richardson, former SNCC member and researcher and series associate producer for the series Eyes on the Prize  talks about Ella Baker.   (2012) (2 min)

Ella Baker speaks to Puerto Rico solidarity rally in 1974.     

Citizenship in the News:
Reid J. Epstein and Nick Corasaniti, “Why Democrats See 3 Governor’s Races as a Sea Wall for Fair Elections” NY Times (2021)
Linda Greenhouse, “The Supreme Court’s Pain — and Our Anger,” NY Times (2021)
Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, “The Unknown History of Black Uprisings” New Yorker (2021)

Tuesday,  October 12: Fall Break

Thursday, October 14: Music and 1960s’ Political Movements

When the music changes, the walls of the city shake. — Plato

Write:  250-300 words.  Make a list of talking points for class discussion about how particular songs expressed  attitudes and emotions of the civil rights and anti-war movements.   Be sure to mention each song listed below. Consider which songs seem most suited for marching and protesting and which songs chiefly comment upon or evoke feelings about political topics.

ALSO due today: turn no more than 250 words describing your proposed semester paper topic and some possible sources for your research.

“Protest Music. 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, and Peace and Revolution”
“Keep Your Eyes on the Prize,”   Mavis Staples.
Read about the history of “Keep Your Eyes on the Prize”

“A Change Is Gonna Come,” written and sung by Sam Cooke. 1968.  Read about the song.

John Coltrane    “Alabama”   (1963)  Written in response to the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing on September 15, 1963, an attack by the Ku Klux Klan in Birmingham, Alabama that killed four African-American girls.
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.’ “Eulogy” for the four girls killed in the 16th Street bombing. 1963.

Another song in reaction to the Birmingham church bombing: Nina Simone performs “Mississippi Goddamn.”    (1964)

Bob Dylan,      “Blowin’ in the Wind”  (1963)

Phil Ochs,    “I Ain’t A-Marchin’ Any More.”   (1965)

Creedence Clearwater Revival,     “Fortunate Son.” (1969)

Read about “Fortunate Son.”

Sgt. Barry Sadler, “Ballad of the Green Berets”    (1966)   
Read about.

Read: David J. Garrow, “When Martin Luther King Came Out Against Vietnam” NY Times (2017)

Neil Young,    “Ohio.”   (1970)
Read about “Ohio”,_Stills,_Nash_%26_Young_song)

John Prine,    “Your Flag Decal Won’t Get You into Heaven Any More”  (1971)

Citizenship in the News:
Mark Walker and Chris Cameron, “After Denying Care to Black Natives, Indian Health Services Reverses Policy” NY Times (2021)

Tuesday, October 19: James Baldwin, “I Am Not Your Negro”

In-class discussion of documentary about James Baldwin,   I Am Not Your Negro (93 min) (2016).  Directed by Raoul Peck.
You may be asked for your Emory ID and Password for access to the documentary.

Prior to class: view I Am Not Your Negro and write a 250-300 word summary.  

For reference:
Medgar Evers
Lorraine Hansbery

Citizenship in the News: 
Claire Cain Miller, “How Other Nations Pay for Child Care. The U.S. Is an Outlier.” NY Times (2021)
Emmanuel Saez and

Thursday, October 21: Two Scenes from the Women’s Rights Movement in the US

When I pass the gate of the celestials and good Peter asks me where I wish to sit, I will say, ‘Anywhere so that I am neither a negro or a woman.  Confer on me, great angel, the glory of White manhood, so that henceforth I may feel unlimited freedom.Elizabeth Cady Stanton to Susan B. Anthony (1859).  (Quoted in Jill Lepore, These Truths, 314)

Timeline of Women’s Rights in the US


“Women’s rights and the Seneca Falls convention”

Linda Greenhouse, “Who Killed the ERA?”   New York Review of Books (Oct 12, 2017) Available as pdf in Emory course reserves for HIST 190-3. 
Also at: 

Write a reflection: 250-300 words that identify parallels between the Seneca Falls convention and  the movement for the Equal Rights Amendment.  

Recommended: Equal Rights Amendment
Margaret Fuller’s Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1843-1845) 
Judith Thurman, “The Desires of Margaret Fuller” (2013)

Citizenship in the News: 
Carl Hulse, “Democrats Search for Path on Voting Rights Amid Republican Blockade,” NY Times (2021)
Monica Hesse, “Amy Coney Barrett is a strong woman. That doesn’t make her a feminist icon.” (W Post 2020) Available on e-reserves at

Tuesday, October 26:  An Episode from US Immigration History — Chinese Labor and Exclusion

I want a home here not only for the negro, the mulatto and the Latin races; but I want the Asiatic to find a home here in the United States, and feel at home here, both for his sake and for ours.  — Frederick Douglass, 1869.  “Frederick Douglass Describes the ‘Composite Nation’.” 

Ignorance about those who are lost undermines the reality of the world. — Zbignew Herbert

Read: Maxine Hong Kingston, “Grandfather of the Sierra Nevada” (1980), a chapter from her book China Men.  (Course Reserves)
Read about China Men .

Recommended: Nadja Sayej, “‘Forgotten by society’: how Chinese migrants built the transcontinental railroad”. (2019)

Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)

Write 250-300 word summary of  Kingston chapter.  

Citizenship in the News: 
Mike Baker and Danielle Ivory, “Why Public Health Faces a Crisis Across the U.S.” NY Times (2021)
Claire Cain Miller, “The U.S. Lags on Paid Leave,” NY Times (2021)

Thursday, October 28: Recent History of Latin American Immigration

Prior to class: View Harvest of Empire and write a 350-400 word summary of the documentary in which you identify its main themes and make at least one mention of each of the countries represented.  

Harvest of Empire: Latinos in America (2012) (One hour and thirty minutes)
Recommended: Lanny Thompson, “The Colonialist’s Gaze” (2017) (video.  8:30 min)

Citizenship in the News: 
Trump campaign announcement, June 16, 2015

Nicholas Kulish and Mike McIntire, “Why an Heiress Spent Her Fortune Trying to Keep Immigrants Out,” (2019) NY Times

Tuesday, November 2: Citizenship in the News 

 Drawing on a published news source (or sources) write 250-300 words in which you discuss a  current news event or controversy relevant to our seminar. Be prepared to present your commentary in class (4-5 minutes). Be sure to cite your source(s).

Recommended reading:
Emily Badger, “Children of poor immigrants rise, no matter where they come from” NY Times (2019) 
Reece Jones, “Facing Up to the Racist Legacy of America’s Immigration Laws,” NY Times (2021)

Thursday, November 4: The Stonewall Uprising and the Gay Rights Movement

View prior to class: The Stonewall Uprising. (2011). (1:20).

Write 250-300 words summary of this documentary film.  

Citizenship in the News:
“Judith Butler says the ‘anti-gender ideology movement’ is a dangerous ‘fascist trend’” (2021) Guardian
Charles M. Blow, “White Racial Anxiety Strikes Again,” NY Times (2021)
Jeffrey C. Issac, “Florida is a five-alarm fire for academic freedom,” Chronicle of Higher Education (2021)
Thomson-DeVeaux, Mithani, and Bronner, “Why Many Americans Don’t Vote”  (2020) 538

Tuesday, November 9:  Campaigns, Inc.  vs  National Health Care

Read: “Lepore_Health Care” — an excerpt from Jill Lapore’s These Truths tracing  the history of  efforts to provide national health care in the US and the persistent opposition by private medical associations and insurance companies through their use of public relations and advertising firms.  Available on Course Reserves as pdf.  (37pages. Note: the pages are not consecutively numbered but draw from several chapters of the book.) 
Write 250-300 words summarizing Lapore’s narration of the politics of US health care history.

Citizenship in the News:
Roosa Tikkanen, Melinda K. Abrams, “U.S. Health Care from a Global Perspective, 2019: Higher Spending, Worse Outcomes?” The Commonwealth Fund (2020) 
Bradley Jones, “Increasing share of Americans favor a single government program to provide health care coverage” Pew Research Center (2020)
Nick Corasaniti, Reid J. Epstein, Taylor Johnson, Rebecca Lieberman, and Eden Weingart, “How Maps Reshape American Politics” NY Times (2021)

Thursday, November 11:  Disability, Accessibility Rights, and Citizenship

View: Nicole Newnham and James LeBrecht, “Crip Camp: A Disability Revolution,” (108 minutes) (2020). Read about the documentary.
Recommended: Judith Heumann,    “Our fight for disability rights and why we’re not done yet.”  (21 min) Heumann bio (Wikipedia)

Write a 250-300 word summary of the documentary. 

Background:  “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990″
and “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” (Wikipedia)
“Social Model of Disability” (Wikipedia).  On the difference between impairment and disability. 

Tuesday, November 16:  Finance Capitalism Run Amok — Bank Deregulation, Great Recession, Aftermath

View prior to class:  Academy Award winning documentary Inside Job (2010).  1 hour and 48 minutes.
Available through Emory’s online resources.  You may be asked for your Emory ID and Password.  Please let Prof. Tullos know if you have any difficulty accessing the film.
Read about Inside Job

Write 250-300 words summary of Inside Job.
Also: turn in 250 words updating your semester project.  (Topic, sources, progress.)

Recommended reading: Drew Weston, “What Happened to Obama,” (2011)
Robert Kuttner, “The Crash That Failed” (2018) New York Review
Matt Taibbi, “Ten Years After the Crash, We’ve Learned Nothing” (2018) Rolling Stone

Thursday,  November 18: Structural Economic Inequality and Its Costs to Citizenship 

Read: Joseph E. Stiglitz, “The American Economy Is Rigged and What We Can Do About It” Scientific American (Nov. 2018).  
Write: 250-300 words summarizing the main points of Stiglitz for class discussion.

For reference:
Katherine Schaeffer, “6 facts about economic inequality in the U.S.” Pew Research Center (2020)
David Leonhardt, “Our Broken Economy in One Simple Chart” (2017).
Wealth Inequality in the United States (Wikipedia)
“Unions help reduce disparities and strengthen our democracy,”  Economic Policy Institute (2021)
Recommended: Citizens United vs. FEC (Wikipedia)

Citizenship in the News: 
Paul Krugman, NY Times: “Bernie Sanders and the Myth of the 1 Percent” (2019), “On Elon Musk and the Dangerous Power of Insecure Billionaires,” (2021).
Meryl Kornfield, “Architect quits over billionaire’s mega dorm,” Washington Post (2021)
Jeanne Whalen, “John Deere factory workers approve new contract,” Washington Post (2021)

  Tuesday, November 23: No class meeting today.  Work on your semester paper.

  Thursday, November 25:   Thanksgiving

Tuesday, November 30:   Violence/Non-Violence in Pursuit of Social Justice

Read: Judith Butler, “Protest: Violent and Nonviolent,” (2019).  Available on Course Reserves.
Write 250-300 words commenting on Butler’s article.

Recommended:  The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Wikipedia)

Citizenship in the News: 
James Downie, “New covid variant. Same Republican denialism” Washington Post (2021)
Noam Scheiber, “Union Vote at Amazon Warehouse in Alabama Is Overturned by Regional Labor Office,” NY Times (2021)
Jodi Kantor, Karen Weise and Grace Ashford, “The Amazon That Customers Don’t See,” NY Times (2021)

Thursday, December 2  Student Presentations (bring laptops to class)

Tuesday, December 7  Student Presentations (bring laptops to class)

Your final paper is due (via email to Prof. Tullos) no later than December 9, at 5:30 p.m.