First-Year Seminar    Fall 2020
History 190-3 
Professor Allen Tullos   
Seminar meeting: Tues/Thurs 2:40-3:55

Office hours: Mondays 2-3 p.m.  at  and by appointment and by appointment: allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Beginning with a brief historical overview of the idea of citizenship, this seminar examines citizenship’s changing meanings in the United States.  How have ideals and promises contrasted with realities?  How have oppressed, marginalized, and disfranchised social groups organized and mobilized for more expansive and inclusive citizenship?  What are the effects of concentrated political power and extreme economic inequality on the possibilities and prospects of social justice?  On voters’ choices and rights? Topics will also include immigration, nationalism, consumerism, and international human rights. This discussion-based seminar draws upon a variety of source materials including primary documents, critical essays, media documentaries, music, visual arts, poetry, and internet resources.  Students will apply the skills of critical analysis to interpreting and understanding historical social groups’ efforts to expand the meaning and substance of US citizenship. Given this crucial election year, the seminar will also discuss current political news in context of citizenship.

Refresh your browser and check this syllabus regularly for updates and changes.

Thursday, August 20:  Introductions and Overview

Introducing the Scholarblogs syllabus site and the Canvas Assignments page.

For complimentary access to provided by Emory, visit: (although it’s free, it requires login with Emory ID and Password).  Other useful, free, sites for this seminar : GovTrackPoliticoTalkingPoints Memo,    538,   Pew Research Center,   Roll CallThe Guardian, Axios, Borowitz Report

In class:
Direct democracy: the New England town meeting

A town meeting in Vermont (2009)

Wealth Inequality in the US (2012)

Two historical visualizations of   “Unions and Wealth Inequality” (2020)

Jimmy Carter, “The US an Oligarchy” (2015)

Citizenship in the News.  A regular feature of the seminar.  In-class discussion of current news reporting and commentary about citizenship.
Read:  Michael Wines, “The Student Vote Is Surging.  So Are Efforts To Suppress It.” (2019) NY Times
 Emory Path to the Polls website.  If you are a US citizen, what are the voter registration dates and requirements for the place where you intend to vote?    Everything you need to vote this year.

Tuesday, August 25:    “Citizenship” as a constantly changing concept

Paul Cartledge, “Ancient Greek Democracy” (2011)

“History of Citizenship” and “Magna Carta” articles in Wikipedia.
Citizen or Subject?  Monty Python, “The Annoying Peasant” (1974) (4 min)

Eugene Volokh, “Is the United States of America a Republic or a Democracy.”  (2015)

Be prepared to discuss in class: how concepts of citizenship emerged across time and geography; and 2) the significance of present-day voter registration activism and attempts to suppress voting.

Langston Hughes, “Let America Be America Again”  (1935). 

Citizenship in the News. 
Visit the Pew Research Center for social science research on current public attitudes about such topics as religious affiliation, gun laws,  voting rights, etc.
John Gramlich, “What Makes a Good Citizen?”  (2019) Pew Research Center
Visit the Fair Fight website
“Lebron James Launches Push for Poll Workers” (2020)

WRITING ASSIGNMENT:  By 10:30 a.m. on Aug 25, write and post a 250-300 word commentary in which you reflect on any previous classes (from elementary school to the present) you have taken that dealt with citizenship, movements for social justice, or “civics.”  Post your reflection on Canvas, then read and comment on two of your classmates’ posts.

Thursday, August 27: Meanings of Citizenship in the US

Reading:  Linda Kerber, “The Meanings of Citizenship,” (1997)
( Free Access:  Login Through Emory Library).   You will be asked for your Emory ID and Password.

Write 250 to 300 words summarizing Kerber’s essay.  Submit this on the Canvas Assignment page by 12:30 pm, Aug 27.  Be prepared to discuss in class.

Citizenship in the News.  For class discussion.
“Tracking Trump’s False Claims” (Washington Post)

Trump asked if he regrets all his lies:

Sam Levine, “Listen to Justice Elena Kagan Voice Her Searing Dissent in Gerrymandering Case” (2019) HuffPost

Boycott or strike? “NBA joined by MLB teams in boycott to protest police shooting of Jacob Blake,” (2020) Guardian

Tuesday, September 1: Creating the Constitution

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.  —Preamble to the US Constitution

Read: Jill Lepore, “The Constitution of a Nation.” (2018).   Available on e-reserves.
You can access this chapter by logging in at and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Lepore chapter.
allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Writing: A  250-300 word summary of the assigned reading. Submit via Canvas Assignments page.
Recommended: Visit website:  Visualizing the Transatlantic Slave Trade: 1500-1900.

Citizenship in the News. In-class discussion of current news reporting and commentary about citizenship.
“Will You Have Enough Time To Vote by Mail in Your State?”
“The Battleground States Biden and Trump Need to Win 270” (NY Times Interactive Map)

Thursday, September 3:  Sovereignty, Citizenship, and Native Americans

Reading: Howard Zinn, “As Long as the Grass Grows Green” (2005)
Write 250-300 words summarizing the Zinn chapter. 

Recommended: James Taylor Carson,”Ethnic Cleansing and the Trail of Tears: Cherokee Pasts, Places, and Identities.” (2017)

Citizenship in the News:
Jose A. Del Real, 

 Tuesday, September 8: Sovereignty, Citizenship, and Native Americans

View: Claudio Saunt, “The War the Slaveholders Won: Indian Removal and the State of Georgia”

Write 250-300 words summarizing the main points of the Saunt lecture.  

Recommended (not required) for further reading: Sarah H. Hill, “All Roads Led from Rome: Facing the History of Cherokee Expulsion” (2017).

Citizenship in the News:

Susan B. Glasser, “The Man Who Put Andrew Jackson in Trump’s Oval Office”  (2018).
Jack Healey and Adam Liptak, “Landmark Supreme Court Ruling Affirms Native American Rights in Oklahoma” (2020).
Jack Healey, “Black, Native American and Fighting for Recognition in Indian Country” (2020)

Upcoming Event

Thursday, September 10: Justice, Citizenship, and Social Equality

Read: Iris Marion Young, “Five Faces of Oppression” (1990) (Course Reserves).  You can access this chapter by logging in at
and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
This chapter is also available at .

Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Young chapter.
allen [dot] tullos [at] emory [dot] edu

Write 250-300 words summarizing the key points of Young ‘s chapter. 

A goal of social justice . . . is social equality.  Equality refers not primarily to the distribution of social goods . . . it refers primarily to the full participation and inclusion of everyone in a society’s major institutions, and the socially supportive substantive opportunity for all to develop and exercise their capacities and realize their choices. —Iris Marion Young

Citizenship in the News: 

Perry Bacon, Jr., “The Latest on Republican Efforts to Make It Harder to Vote.” (2020)
Richard North Patterson, “America’s Suffocating Class System” (2018)
Reminder.  Tonight:

Tuesday, September 15: The Long Struggle for African American Citizenship

Frederick Douglass, “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?” (1852)

Write 250-300 words discussing the Douglass reading. 

David Blight, “The Civil War Lies on Us Like a Sleeping Dragon” (2017)
David Waldstreicher,  “How the Constitution Was Indeed Pro-Slavery,” (2015)
View: Natasha Trethewey, “Elegy for the Native Guards,” (2005)

Seminar visitor: Dr. Rob O’Reilly, Data Librarian, Emory Center for Digital Scholarship. Using the Census and Social Explorer.

Citizenship in the News:
Rebecca Klein, “American Students Aren’t Learning the Truth About Slavery.” (2018)
Cleve R. Wootson, Jr., “Trump Implied Frederick Douglass Was Alive” (2017)
Andy Borowitz, “Trump Accuses Biden of Using Performance-Enhancing Books” (2020)

Thursday, September 17:  African Americans and Citizenship

Read: C. Vann Woodward  —   “Seeds of Failure in Radical Race Policy,” (1966)

Recommended:  “Reconstruction Amendments” 
“Fourteenth Amendment”

Write 250-300 word summary of  Woodward’s article.  Word count.

Citizenship in the News:
Salvatore Rizzo, “Trump’s fusillade of falsehoods on mail voting” (2020)

Tuesday, September 22: Citizens, Persons, People

Read:  Jill Lepore, “Of Citizens, Persons, and People.” (2018).  Available on e-reserves.
You can access this chapter by logging in at and using “Access Online Reserves” to search by course number, instructor, etc.
Email Prof. Tullos if you have any difficulty finding the Lepore chapter.

Write: 250-300 words summarizing Lepore’s chapter.

Citizenship in the News:
Michael Crowley, “Trump Calls for Patriotic Education to Defend American History From the Left” (2020)
Nate Silver, “The Senate’s Rural Skew Makes It Very Hard For Democrats To Win The Supreme Court” (2020)

Thursday, September 24: Scenes from the 1960s’ Civil Rights Movement

View prior to class:  Eyes on the Prize, Part 4, “No Easy Walk” (Begin video at 21:00 minutes and watch until conclusion). You will need to enter your Emory ID and Password.

This video may also available at

Read: Martin Luther King, Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail” (1963)

Recommended: “Letter from Birmingham Jail”

Write: 250-300 word summary of Dr. King’s “Letter.”

Seminar visitor: Dr. Erica Bruchko,  African American Studies and US History Librarian. Discussion of library tools that can be useful in researching your final paper.

Citizenship in the News:
“2020 Election Live Updates:  Republicans Insist There Will Be a Peaceful Transfer of Power, but Stop Short of Rebuking Trump” 

Tuesday, September 29: Participatory Democracy and the Civil Rights Movement

View prior to class: Eyes on the Prize, Part 5,  “Bridge to Freedom” (55:08) You will need to enter your Emory ID and Password.
Also at

This video may also be available at:

Write 250-300 word summary for class discussion based on the “Bridge to Freedom” video.


Why Build a Lynching Memorial?

Equal Justice Initiative Museum and Memorial, Montgomery Alabama

“Tennessee”     Arrested Development  1993.  LYRICS

Ella Baker  (1903-86) and participatory democracy.

Ella Baker and SNCC

Judy Richardson, former SNCC member and researcher and series associate producer for the series Eyes on the Prize  talks about Ella Baker.   (2012) (2 min)

Ella Baker speaks to Puerto Rico solidarity rally in 1974.     

Citizenship in the News:
Russ Buettner, Susanne Craig, and Mike McIntire, “Long-Concealed Records Show Trump’s Chronic Losses and Years of Tax Avoidance” (2020) NY Times

Thursday, October 1:  Music and 1960s’ Political Movements

“When the music changes, the walls of the city shake.” — Plato

Write:  250-300 words.  Make a list of talking points for class discussion about how particular songs expressed  attitudes and emotions of the civil rights and anti-war movements.   Also consider which songs seem most suited for marching and protesting and which songs chiefly comment upon or evoke feelings about political topics.

ALSO due today: turn no more than 250 words on the Canvas Assignment page describing your proposed semester paper topic and some possible sources for your research.

“Protest Music. 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, and Peace and Revolution”


“Keep Your Eyes on the Prize,”   Mavis Staples.
Read about the history of “Keep Your Eyes on the Prize”

“A Change Is Gonna Come,” written and sung by Sam Cooke. 1968.  Read about the song.

John Coltrane    “Alabama”   (1963)  Written in response to the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing on September 15, 1963, an attack by the Ku Klux Klan in Birmingham, Alabama that killed four African-American girls.
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.’ “Eulogy” for the four girls killed in the 16th Street bombing. 1963.

Another song in reaction to the Birmingham church bombing: Nina Simone performs “Mississippi Goddamn.”    (1964)

Bob Dylan,      “Blowin’ in the Wind”  (1963)

Phil Ochs,    “I Ain’t A-Marchin’ Any More.”   (1965)

Creedence Clearwater Revival,     “Fortunate Son.” (1969)

Read about “Fortunate Son.”

Sgt. Barry Sadler, “Ballad of the Green Berets”    (1966)   
Read about.

Neil Young,    “Ohio.”   (1970)
Read about “Ohio”,_Stills,_Nash_%26_Young_song)

John Prine,    “Your Flag Decal Won’t Get You into Heaven Any More”  (1971)

Citizenship in the News:  
Robert M. Marovich, “50 Years Ago, They Did Something Rare in Gospel: Tied Music to Protest” (2020)

Tuesday,  October 6:  In-class discussion of November elections.

 Drawing on a published news source (or sources) write 250-300 words discussing some aspect of the upcoming elections that you find significant and would like to talk about.  Be sure to cite your source(s).

Citizenship in the News:
Richard Fausset, “How Kelly Loeffler Went From Atlanta Elite to Trump Loyalist,” (2020)

Thursday, October 8: James Baldwin, “I Am Not Your Negro”

In-class discussion of documentary about James Baldwin,   I Am Not Your Negro (93 min) (2016).  Directed by Raoul Peck.
You may be asked for your Emory ID and Password for access to the documentary.

Prior to class: view I Am Not Your Negro and write a 250-300 word summary.  

For reference:
Medgar Evers
Lorraine Hansbery

Citizenship in the News: 
Emmanuel Saez and

Tuesday, October 13: Two Scenes from the Women’s Rights Movement in the US

“Stepping through History: Timeline of Women’s Rights in the US”

When I pass the gate of the celestials and good Peter asks me where I wish to sit, I will say, ‘Anywhere so that I am neither a negro or a woman.  Confer on me, great angel, the glory of White manhood, so that henceforth I may feel unlimited freedom.Elizabeth Cady Stanton to Susan B. Anthony (1859).  (Quoted in Jill Lepore, These Truths, 314)


“Women’s rights and the Seneca Falls convention”

Linda Greenhouse, “Who Killed the ERA?”   (New York Review of Books, Oct 12, 2017) Available as pdf in Emory course reserves for HIST 190-3.  

Write a reflection: 250-300 words that identify parallels between the Seneca Falls convention and  the movement for the Equal Rights Amendment.  

Recommended: Equal Rights Amendment
Margaret Fuller’s Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1843-1845) 
Judith Thurman, “The Desires of Margaret Fuller” (2013)

Citizenship in the News: 
“Same Old”: History of voter suppression and voting rights as theme of 2020 campaign ad.
Monica Hesse, “Amy Coney Barrett is a strong woman. That doesn’t make her a feminist icon.” (W Post 2020) Available on e-reserves at

Thursday, October 15: Immigration: Chinese Labor and Exclusion

I want a home here not only for the negro, the mulatto and the Latin races; but I want the Asiatic to find a home here in the United States, and feel at home here, both for his sake and for ours.  — Frederick Douglass, 1869.  “Frederick Douglass Describes the ‘Composite Nation’.” 

Read: Maxine Hong Kingston, “Grandfather of the Sierra Nevada” (1980), a chapter from her book China Men.  (Course Reserves)
Read about China Men .

Recommended: Nadja Sayej, “‘Forgotten by society’: how Chinese migrants built the transcontinental railroad”. (2019)
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)

Write 250-300 word summary of  Kingston chapter.  

Citizenship in the News: 
Nate Silver, “Will Georgia Turn Blue?” 538
Election 2020 (NY Times ongoing election coverage site)
“How Conservative Is Amy Coney Barrett”  538

Tuesday, October 20: Recent History of Latin American Immigration

Prior to class: View Harvest of Empire and write a 350-400 word summary of the documentary in which you identify its main themes and make at least one mention of each of the countries represented.  

Harvest of Empire: Latinos in America (2012) (One hour and thirty minutes)

Citizenship in the News: Trump campaign announcement, June 16, 2015

Recommended: Lanny Thompson, “The Colonialist’s Gaze” (2017) (video.  8:30 min)

Thursday, October 22:  In-class discussion of November elections.

Drawing on a published news source (or sources) write 250-300 words discussing some aspect of the upcoming elections that you find significant and would like to talk about.  Discussion of particular US senate races is especially welcome.  Be sure to cite your source(s).

Tuesday, October 27: Current Immigration Policy and Politics

Read: Nick Miroff and Josh Dawsey, “The Adviser Who Scripts Trump’s Immigration Policy,” (2019) Washington Post  (Course Reserves)
 Lisa Belkin, “Trump Aide Stephen Miller, Meet Your Great-Grandfather,” (2019) HuffPost
Michelle Goldberg, “Steven Miller is a White Nationalist.  Does It Matter?” (2019) NY Times

Write 250-300 words that reflect on the readings (Miroff & Dawsey, Belkin, and Goldberg). What can we learn from Miller’s biography about the formation of his immigration ideology and his tactics? 

Citizenship in the News:
Jason DeParle, “How Stephen Miller Seized the Moment to Battle Immigration,” (2019) NY Times
On the making of Trump’s family separation policy: Jennifer Senior, “Rod Rosenstein Was Just Doing His Job” (2020) NY Times
Emily Badger, “Children of poor immigrants rise, no matter where they come from” (2019) NY Times
Nicholas Kulish and Mike McIntire, “Why an Heiress Spent Her Fortune Trying to Keep Immigrants Out,” (2019) NY Times
IDLES, “Danny Nedelko” (2018) Read about the song.

Thursday, October 29: The Stonewall Uprising and the Gay Rights Movement

View prior to class: The Stonewall Uprising. (2011). (1:20).

Write 250-300 words summary of this documentary film.  

Citizenship in the News:
Eric Solomon, “Love and Death in Mississippi” (2018) Southern Spaces
“Why Many Americans Don’t Vote”  (2020) 538

Tuesday, November 3: ELECTION DAY.  No class meeting today, but  turn in 250-300 words updating your semester project.  (Topic, sources, progress.)

Thursday, November 5: Discussion of elections.

Drawing on a published news source (or sources) write 250-300 words discussing some aspect of yesterday’s election that you find significant and would like to talk about.  Be sure to cite your source(s).

Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt, “End Minority Rule” (2020) NY Times

Tuesday, November 10: Bank Deregulation, Great Recession, Aftermath

View prior to class:  Academy Award winning documentary Inside Job (2010).  1 hour and 48 minutes.
Available through Emory’s online resources.  You may be asked for your Emory ID and Password.  Please let Prof. Tullos know if you have any difficulty accessing the film.
Read about Inside Job

Write 250-300 words summary of Inside Job.

Recommended reading: Drew Weston, “What Happened to Obama,” (2011)
Robert Kuttner, “The Crash That Failed” (2018) New York Review
Matt Taibbi, “Ten Years After the Crash, We’ve Learned Nothing” (2018) Rolling Stone


Thursday,  November 12: Structural Inequality and Its Costs to Citizenship 

Read: Joseph E. Stiglitz, “The American Economy Is Rigged and What We Can Do About It” Scientific American (Nov. 2018).  
Write: 250-300 words summarizing the main points of Stiglitz for class discussion.

For reference:
David Leonhardt, “Our Broken Economy in One Simple Chart” (2017).

Wealth Inequality in the United States (Wikipedia)

Video: “Wealth Inequality in America”

Recommended: Citizens United vs. FEC (Wikipedia)

Citizenship in the News: 
Paul Krugman, “Bursting the Billionaire Bubble,”  (2019) NY Times

How to vote in the Georgia runoff elections:
Emory Votes Initiative has created a new page of information in response to questions about Georgia’s December and January runoff elections, including information on voter registration:

  Tuesday, November 17: Disability, Accessibility Rights, and Citizenship

View:  Judith Heumann,    “Our fight for disability rights and why we’re not done yet.”  (21 min)
Heumann bio (Wikipedia)

Write a 250-300 word reflection on Heuman’s presentation.  You may draw upon these Wikipedia articles:  “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990″
and “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” (Wikipedia)

Recommended: “Social Model of Disability” (Wikipedia).  On the difference between impairment and disability.

Citizenship in the News:  
“It’s Time for a National Museum of Disability,” NY Times, 2018.
Cara Buckley, “Scary Is How You Act, Not Look, Disability Advocates Tell Filmmakers,” (NY Times 2020)

  Thursday, November 19:   Campaigns, Inc.  vs  National Health Care

Read: Excerpts from Jill Lapore’s These Truths tracing  the sequence of historical efforts to achieve national health care in the US and the persistent opposition by private medical associations and insurance companies through their use of public relations and advertising firms.  Available on Course Reserves as pdf.  (37pages) (You’ll have to rotate the pages numerous times to read them — sorry about that.)
Write 250-300 words summarizing Lapore’s narration of the politics of this health care history.
Recommended: Paul Krugman, “Doing the Health Care Two-Step” (2019) NY Times

Citizenship in the News: 

Tuesday, November 24:  No synchronous class session today. Violence/Non-Violence in Pursuit of Social Justice

Read: Judith Butler, “Protest: Violent and Nonviolent,” (2019).  Available on Course Reserves.
Write 250-300 words commenting on Butler’s article.

Recommended:  The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Wikipedia)

Citizenship in the News: 

Paper Deadline: Turn in final papers no later than Friday, December 11 at 2:00 pm