What Would You Do?

Equality.

A term flaunted in many public circles, political campaigns, and social justice movements. In these instances, “equality” refers to fairness and justice in life; the act of viewing all people without bias or discrimination. Our society is obsessed with rallying behind crusades that foster impartiality in every aspect of life…but what about death? Is there equality in dying?

With current advancements in artificial intelligence, it is no surprise that self driving cars are on the horizon.  In an effort to gather information about how humans make decisions, researchers at MIT created the “Moral Machine.” This database contains a variety of what-would-you-do scenarios involving car crashes and vehicular manslaughter in attempt to create an algorithm for decision making based on how humans act in life-and-death situations.  For example:

This scenario incites intense debate over what the car should or should not do. If the car continues in a straight path, one woman and her unborn child will die. However, if the car is programmed to swerve, five people will die. If only provided with the number of deaths, many people would choose to have the car continue straight, saving the most lives. But what happens when we place value on those lives? When the victims are women and children, versus criminals, how do we decide which lives to value more and which deaths to value less?  That is the heart of what the Moral Machine aims to uncover.  By categorizing people into different groups based on their social value, we assign significance to individual deaths. After perceiving the criminals’ role in society, many people may change their minds and program the car to swerve, taking a greater number of lives but saving (arguably) more important or worthy ones.

The dilemma in the various circumstances boils down to the modern perception of death and the processes to follow. Our society has cultivated an environment that fights against death. People do not want to die “before their time” and thus are bred to accept death only when they feel that their life is complete or that they have nothing more to give. These personal sentiments are subconsciously broadcast into situations like the self-driving car, where knowing the demographics of a person ranks them on a scale ranging between “worth-saving-at-any-cost” to “not-a-huge-loss.”  It sounds gruesome but it’s true. 

Additionally, our determination of what the car should do originates in the process after a death. We can justify the decision to kill the five criminals if we consider that the pregnant woman and baby would be heavily mourned and grieved whereas the convicts probably would not.

Inadvertently, we place values on life and death based on our culture’s view of death and the proceedings to follow. Death and life seem to have an linear relationship; the more we value someone’s life the more we value their death. Is this a true embodiment of equality though? Can equality be extended to the grave? And lastly, what would you do?

 

To see other related scenarios, click here.

References

http://moralmachine.mit.edu/

2 responses to “What Would You Do?

  1. This was a super interesting post to think over. I was very intrigued by the concept of valuing a death as related to valuing a life. I was amazed to see how much a “bad death” can be tied into our personal perception of a “good life.” Consider a young child passing away and a drug addict overdosing. Both of these we labeled as bad deaths, but for various reasons, some people consider only the child’s death is a tragedy, while others think both are tragedies. How do our personal values affect this? I went through the scenarios the moral machine gives, and I really had to work hard to come to any conclusion. I realized some inherent values, some I didn’t even know I had, can be exceptionally problematic. I also tried the charity version of this exercise, and I thought it made me examine my beliefs even more. In this one, they left some of the factors (such as who you give to) hidden and you can choose whether or not to reveal it. It makes it very apparent that the number of lives and the “value” of lives both matter. These were very invigorating thought exercises, and I’m really glad you shared it.

  2. This topic is very uncomfortable to talk about. As humans we like to think we have a moral compass and are equal to the best of our ability but often times morality is questionable and there is often no real answer. This makes questions like the one presented in this article hard and it forces us to consciously chose one death over another. While this question makes us consciously chose, I think as humans we do it unconsciously daily. For example evacuating women and children first in emergencies, we as a society have placed an importance of one life over another. As much as we’d like to think that we value of all lives equality and that the death of one is not more important than another, we do make these assumption and act on them daily. Another example is that we are more likely to help someone in danger who shares the same identity (gender, race ex) as us than someone who doesn’t. That bias in itself shows that we place more importance in one person’s life over another.

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