I was not very familiar with Open Educational Resources (OERs) before completing this module, but think understanding OERs is very important for all types of education, especially for future innovations.
Hilton III, Wiley, Stein, and Johnson (2010) described a useful continuum of Reuse with increasing openness: 1) Reuse, 2) Reuse and Redistribute only, and 3) Reuse, Revise, Remix and Redistribute. Alejandro and Ming (2013) point out that for maximum openness, faculty should include all four ‘Rs’ in licenses for content they produce.
Wild’s (2012) OER Engagement Study identified the following three steps for optimal engagement of faculty:
1) Understanding: awareness of OER and licenses, and benefits of using OER for teaching and learning.
2) Need: faculty realize not option to create all course materials from scratch
3) Reflection: positive student feedback on OER encourages faculty use of OER
Alejandro and Ming (2013) identified four open educational practices for curriculum enhancement that included nursing and seem useful:
1) Resources licensed for reuse are used as is
2) Repurpose or adapt resources as course is designed
3) OER used “JIT” as the course is taught
4) Repurposed OER as course is taught
I was very interested in The University of Michigan Open Access site that includes courses and resources (http://open.umich.edu/education/nursing).
Why to Choose OERs (http://guides.main.library.emory.edu/OERs):
– Openly available to students and instructors for access and reuse
– Wider dissemination of a work
– Reduces duplication of effort
I have worked under the constraints of copyright when delivering content in my classes by using library access links for publications and giving credit for other resources.
My question about OER is how do I search all OER in nursing and health care, and how is copyright usually handled?
Alejandro, A., & Ming, N. (2013). Open educational practices for curriculum enhancement. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 28, 7-20.
Hilton, J.III, Wiley, D., Stein, J., & Johnson, A. (2010). The four ‘R’s of openness and ALMS analysis: Frameworks for open educational resources. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 25, 37–44.
Wild, J. (2012). OER engagement study – Promoting OER reuse among academics. SCORE research report. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/UEcbPj