This post serves as a very brief review and executive summary of Rev. Adam Roberts’ Doctor of Ministry project and paper, “Doing the Work of Well-Being with African American Males at LaGrange College: Identity, Context, Rage and Construction,” submitted in March, 2017.
While this post is in no way comprehensive of that work, it seeks to briefly and faithfully represent the problem, research and outcomes of the project.
Why this project?
This Doctor of Ministry program has emphasized the need for deep understanding of context as a key driver of effective leadership. A deep dive into the history of LaGrange, Georgia quickly reveals the themes of oppression, racism and inequality that are prevalent throughout many similar towns in the old “slave belt” of the deep south. Further exploration revealed the role of paternalism rigid social roles that arose during the “mill village” days of the late 19th and first half of the 20th centuries.
While LaGrange College has often been a progressive influence in the town, the College has also struggled to deal with its own history of racism and oppression. While African-American enrollment is strong at 21% of full-time students (2015-2016), African-American males are the college’s least retained demographic. When I arrived as campus Chaplain and Director of Spiritual Life in the summer of 2014, I replaced an African-American Chaplain who had served at the college for 17 years. The project grew from my own personal passion to connect with the African-American student body, and my perception that the needs of African-American male students were going unmet (based on retention and observation), and my desire to connect with any campus role models for these students.
In the fall of 2016, I invited Mr. Rob Dicks (NCAA Compliance officer and head of Athletic Training) to join me in mentoring a group of African-American male students. The video below is a great introduction to Rob, and his heart for servant leadership and student well-being. It also represents his ability as a boundary leader across multiple campus constituencies:
Thinking about the challenges faced by African-American men at LaGrange College quickly led me to the work of Candler School of Theology’s Dr. Greg Ellison. Greg’s book Cut Dead but Still Alive perfectly captured much of what I perceived in the young African-American men that I sought to engage.
Here, he discusses the reality of “invisibility,” and the rage that experience produces:
This project was conceived as a way for me to align my work as Chaplain of LaGrange College with the needs and lives of the young African-American men who attend there. My goal was to not “cut them dead,” but to fully see them, and to be fully seen and known.
Such work is not easily accomplished across racial divides in our culture. In his landmark book, God of the Oppressed, James Cone said that, “[w]hite people must be made to realize that reconciliation is a costly experience. It is not holding hands and singing ‘Black and white together,’ and ‘We shall overcome.’ Reconciliation means death, and only those who are prepared to die in the struggle for freedom will experience new life with God”1
If I was to be a leader in this work, with this group of students, such “death” would mean extreme vulnerability, which began as honest conversation about my own identity, as an invitation to the group to practice such vulnerability with one another.
Rob and I entered into this group of 7 young, African-American men between the ages of 18 to 22 years old, and journeyed with them through an exploration in four parts:
Part One: Identity
We began the practice of vulnerability with my own discussion of the racist identity my Jim Crow era grandparents had passed on to me in my childhood. I shared this video, beginning at 13:08, with the group, as MLK spoke of “Jim Crow” being fed to poor whites beginning in reconstruction after the Civil War. 2
Acknowledging the reality of my own experiences with privilege and power and admitting my vulnerability to participating in racism world views and structures opened the door to authentic conversation and began to build trust and credibility between myself and these men. In turn, Rob and the student participants shared their own experiences as well.
Part Two: Context
Our second session detailed the social history and present realities of life in LaGrange, Georgia and on the LaGrange College campus:
- Removal of Creek Indians, 1825
- Slavery era, 1825-1865
- LaGrange College founding, 1831
- Unacknowledged slavery-era buildings and artifacts on the LC campus
- Income inequality, segregation by neighborhoods and black poverty in LaGrange today
The next session (again on context) physically took the group to many of these historical sites for a practice of contemplation through lectio divina and “looking and listening” to the sites and sounds of the blocks surrounding the LaGrange College campus.
Part Three: Rage
Being invisible engenders rage. The question is always present: what will we do with that which is not right? Rage must be given voice, and the energy moved into the positive work of “construction.” Without acknowledgement, invisibility births the “wicked fruit of rage.”3
These young men taught me that their rage was found source in being ignored (and in history being ignored) and in the fear that they face on a daily basis (of which I was largely ignorant). The iron gate from Bellevue became a touchstone for their rage and a central point of debate. What should be done about it? What can be done to address income inequality and racism in LaGrange, Georgia during our undergraduate years? Is it safe for me to travel alone in this town? What if the local white population sees me as “just another poor black boy?”
Part Four: Construction (ongoing)
“What should we do,” eventually became, “what can we build?” Here, it was important to assess the good things already happening in the community and extend the hopeful possibilities that these young men might join in the work already being done by like-minded LaGrange citizens.
To that end, I introduced the group to the work of “Troup Together” and the “Racial Trustbuilding Initiative” undertaken by leaders like our Mayor, Police Chief and President of LaGrange College.
The students were able to attend a LaGrange event that came from this process, a public apology for the lynching of a young black man in 1940. The New York times covered this event, and many have said it may be unprecedented in US History.
These young men are now taking steps to greatly grow this project and push LaGrange College toward the forefront of continuing change in the town. A dozen more African-American male students have stepped up to join what is now being called the “African-American Male Initiative” at LaGrange College, with plans to add many more this fall.
One of my pilot project members has led the way in studying the University System of Georgia’s “African-American Male Initiative” program. A full-time black, male, LaGrange College faculty members has come on board with Rob and me as another member of the advising team, as well as our full-time, black female counselor. Together, we have been in conversation with instrumental leaders of the Georgia University system’s efforts, and we are developing a program of academic support, emotional support, peer-to-peer relationship building and leadership development.
In addition, these young men from LaGrange College will now serve as mentors themselves, having taken the initiative to connect with an African-American, LaGrange College alumni who leads a mentoring program at the local alternative high school for at-risk teens.
We have seen significant increase in well-being for the young men who joined this effort in the fall of 2016 at LaGrange College. They are working to construct positive contributions to the college and city communities in the future. Vulnerability, authenticity, listening and “seeing” were the primary contributions I made as a leader in this process.
As “Keith” (name-changed, sophomore) told me, “Chaplain Roberts, you have taken the time to listen to us and really understand. It means more than you can ever know.”
1James H. Cone, God of the Oppressed, Revised edition.. (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1997), 218.
2Martin Luther King Jr, A Call to Conscience the Landmark Speeches of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (New York: Intellectual Properties Management, In association with Warner Books, 2001), 124.
3Gregory C. Ellison II. Cut Dead but Still Alive: Caring for African American Young Men. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2013. Kindle 207.