Memory Integration

Where is the smallest bone in the body located? You may know the answer to this question because you directly read that the “smallest bone is located in the ear.” Or you may have derived this information from two separate learning experiences. For instance, in one context you learned that “the smallest bone is the stirrup” and in another context that “the stirrup is located in the ear.” This second process is referred to as self-derivation. Self-derivation is the process of integrating information learned across separate episodes to derive new knowledge. It is an important learning process for academic achievement. In this line of research, I use eye-tracking to investigate individual and developmental differences in the underlying processes involved in self-derivation.


Miller-Goldwater, H.E., Cronin-Golomb, L.M., Porter, B.M., & Bauer, P.J. (2021). The underlying processes involved in the self-derivation of new knowledge through memory integration: Investigating the role of reactivation. Cognitive Psychology, 129, 101413. [Link]

Bauer, P.J., Cronin-Golomb, L.M., Porter, B.M., Jaganjac, A., & Miller, H.E. (2021). Integration of memory content in adults and children: Developmental differences in task conditions and functional consequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 105(7), 1259-1278. [Link]