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  1. Blanton S, Cotsonis G, Brennan K, Song R, Zajac-Cox L, Caston S, Stewart H, Jayaraman A, Reisman D, Clark PC, Kesar T. Evaluation of a carepartner-integrated telehealth gait rehabilitation program for persons with stroke: study protocol for a feasibility study. Pilot Feasibility Stud. 2023 Nov 24;9(1):192. doi: 10.1186/s40814-023-01411-1. PMID: 38001523; PMCID: PMC10668368.
  2. Sánchez N, Schweighofer N, Mulroy SJ, Roemmich RT, Kesar TM, Torres-Oviedo G, Fisher BE, Finley JM, Winstein CJ. Multi-Site Identification and Generalization of Clusters of Walking Behaviors in Individuals With Chronic Stroke and Neurotypical Controls. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2023 Dec;37(11-12):810-822. doi: 10.1177/15459683231212864. Epub 2023 Nov 17. PMID: 37975184.
  3. Emmery L, Hackney ME, Kesar T, McKay JL, Rosenberg MC. An integrated review of music cognition and rhythmic stimuli in sensorimotor neurocognition and neurorehabilitation. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2023 Dec;1530(1):74-86. doi: 10.1111/nyas.15079. Epub 2023 Nov 2. PMID: 37917153.
  4. Winner TS, Rosenberg MC, Jain K, Kesar TM, Ting LH, Berman GJ. Discovering individual-specific gait signatures from data-driven models of neuromechanical dynamics. PLoS Comput Biol. 2023 Oct 27;19(10):e1011556. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1011556. PMID: 37889927; PMCID: PMC10610102.
  5. Hinton EH, Buffum R, Kingston D, Stergiou N, Kesar T, Bierner S, Knarr BA. Real-Time Visual Kinematic Feedback During Overground Walking Improves Gait Biomechanics in Individuals Post-Stroke. Ann Biomed Eng. 2023 Oct 23. doi: 10.1007/s10439-023-03381-0. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37870663.
  6. Kesar T. The Effects of Stroke and Stroke Gait Rehabilitation on Behavioral and Neurophysiological Outcomes:: Challenges and Opportunities for Future Research. Dela J Public Health. 2023 Aug 31;9(3):76-81. doi: 10.32481/djph.2023.08.013. PMID: 37701480; PMCID: PMC10494801.
  7. Li YA, Chen ZJ, He C, Wei XP, Xia N, Gu MH, Xiong CH, Zhang Q, Kesar TM, Huang XL, Xu J. Exoskeleton-Assisted Sit-to-Stand Training Improves Lower-Limb Function Through Modifications of Muscle Synergies in Subacute Stroke Survivors. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2023;31:3095-3105. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2023.3297737. Epub 2023 Aug 2. PMID: 37478040.
  8. Hoh JE, Borich MR, Kesar TM, Reisman DS, Semrau JA. Limitations in utilization and prioritization of standardized somatosensory assessments after stroke: A cross-sectional survey of neurorehabilitation clinicians. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2024 Jan;31(1):29-43. doi: 10.1080/10749357.2023.2200304. Epub 2023 Apr 16. PMID: 37061928.
  9. Santucci V, Alam Z, Liu J, Spencer J, Faust A, Cobb A, Konantz J, Eicholtz S, Wolf S, Kesar TM. Immediate improvements in post-stroke gait biomechanics are induced with both real-time limb position and propulsive force biofeedback. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2023 Mar 31;20(1):37. doi: 10.1186/s12984-023-01154-3. PMID: 37004111; PMCID: PMC10064559.
  10. Rosenberg MC, Slusarenko A, Cao K, Lucas McKay J, Emmery L, Kesar TM, Hackney ME. Motor and cognitive deficits limit the ability to flexibly modulate spatiotemporal gait features in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Front Hum Neurosci. 2023 Feb 15;17:1040930. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2023.1040930. PMID: 36968783; PMCID: PMC10032222.
  11. Krishnan S, Mandala MA, Wolf SL, Howard A, Kesar TM. Perceptions of stroke survivors regarding factors affecting adoption of technology and exergames for rehabilitation. PM R. 2023 Nov;15(11):1403-1410. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12963. Epub 2023 May 12. PMID: 36787167.
  12. Pan YT, Kang I, Joh J, Kim P, Herrin KR, Kesar TM, Sawicki GS, Young AJ. Effects of Bilateral Assistance for Hemiparetic Gait Post-Stroke Using a Powered Hip Exoskeleton. Ann Biomed Eng. 2023 Feb;51(2):410-421. doi: 10.1007/s10439-022-03041-9. Epub 2022 Aug 13. PMID: 35963920; PMCID: PMC9867666.
  13. Alam Z, Rendos NK, Vargas AM, Makanjuola J, Kesar TM. Timing of propulsion-related biomechanical variables is impaired in individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis. Gait Posture. 2022 Jul;96:275-278. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2022.05.022. Epub 2022 May 21. PMID: 35716486; PMCID: PMC10324670.
  14. Pottorf TS, Nocera JR, Eicholtz SP, Kesar TM. Locomotor Adaptation Deficits in Older Individuals With Cognitive Impairments: A Pilot Study. Front Neurol. 2022 May 2;13:800338. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2022.800338. PMID: 35585850; PMCID: PMC9108197.
  15. Xu J, Lopez AJ, Hoque MM, Borich MR, Kesar TM. Temporal Profile of Descending Cortical Modulation of Spinal Excitability: Group and Individual-Specific Effects. Front Integr Neurosci. 2022 Jan 7;15:777741. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2021.777741. PMID: 35197831; PMCID: PMC8859157.
  16. Palmer JA, Kesar TM, Wolf SL, Borich MR. Motor Cortical Network Flexibility is Associated With Biomechanical Walking Impairment in Chronic Stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2021 Dec;35(12):1065-1075. doi: 10.1177/15459683211046272. Epub 2021 Sep 27. PMID: 34570636; PMCID: PMC8688257.
  17. Spencer J, Wolf SL, Kesar TM. Biofeedback for Post-stroke Gait Retraining: A Review of Current Evidence and Future Research Directions in the Context of Emerging Technologies. Front Neurol. 2021 Mar 30;12:637199. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2021.637199. PMID: 33859607; PMCID: PMC8042129.
  18. Madhavan S, Sivaramakrishnan A, Bowden MG, Chumbler NR, Field-Fote EC, Kesar TM. Commentary: Remote assessments of gait and balance – Implications for research during and beyond Covid-19. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2022 Jan;29(1):74-81. doi: 10.1080/10749357.2021.1886641. Epub 2021 Feb 18. PMID: 33596774; PMCID: PMC8371083.
  19. Liu J, Santucci V, Eicholtz S, Kesar TM. Comparison of the effects of real-time propulsive force versus limb angle gait biofeedback on gait biomechanics. Gait Posture. 2021 Jan;83:107-113. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.10.014. Epub 2020 Oct 16. PMID: 33129170; PMCID: PMC7787119.
  20. Lopez AJ, Xu J, Hoque MM, McMullen C, Kesar TM, Borich MR. Integration of Convergent Sensorimotor Inputs Within Spinal Reflex Circuits in Healthy Adults. Front Hum Neurosci. 2020 Nov 26;14:592013. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2020.592013. PMID: 33324184; PMCID: PMC7725688.
  21. Awad LN, Lewek MD, Kesar TM, Franz JR, Bowden MG. These legs were made for propulsion: advancing the diagnosis and treatment of post-stroke propulsion deficits. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2020 Oct 21;17(1):139. doi: 10.1186/s12984-020-00747-6. PMID: 33087137; PMCID: PMC7579929.
  22. Rendos NK, Zajac-Cox L, Thomas R, Sato S, Eicholtz S, Kesar TM. Verbal feedback enhances motor learning during post-stroke gait retraining. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2021 Jul;28(5):362-377. doi: 10.1080/10749357.2020.1818480. Epub 2020 Sep 18. PMID: 32942960; PMCID: PMC7969478.
  23. Liu J, Kim HB, Wolf SL, Kesar TM. Comparison of the Immediate Effects of Audio, Visual, or Audiovisual Gait Biofeedback on Propulsive Force Generation in Able-Bodied and Post-stroke Individuals. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2020 Sep;45(3):211-220.
  24. Chakraborty S, Nandy A, Kesar TM. Gait deficits and dynamic stability in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2020;71:11-23. doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.09.00
  25. Sauder NR, Meyer AJ, Allen JL, Ting LH, Kesar TM, Fregly BJ. Computational Design of FastFES Treatment to Improve Propulsive Force Symmetry During Post-stroke Gait: A Feasibility Study. Front Neurorobot. 2019;13:80. doi:10.3389/fnbot.2019.00080 
  26. Kesar TM, Tan A, Eicholtz S, et al. Agonist-Antagonist Coactivation Enhances Corticomotor Excitability of Ankle Muscles. Neural Plast. 2019;2019:5190671. doi:10.1155/2019/519067
  27. Hoque M, Borich M, Sabatier M, Backus D, Kesar T. Effects of downslope walking on Soleus H-reflexes and walking function in individuals with multiple sclerosis: A preliminary study. NeuroRehabilitation. 2019;44(4):587-597. doi:10.3233/NRE-192701
  28. Allen JL, Kesar TM, Ting LH. Motor module generalization across balance and walking is impaired after stroke. J Neurophysiol. 2019;122(1):277-289. doi:10.1152/jn.00561.2018
  29. Hoque MM, Ardizzone MA, Sabatier M, Borich MR, Kesar TM. Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking. Neurology (ECronicon). 2018;10(8):761-770
  30. Allen JL, Ting LH, Kesar TM. Gait Rehabilitation Using Functional Electrical Stimulation Induces Changes in Ankle Muscle Coordination in Stroke Survivors: A Preliminary Study. Front Neurol. 2018;9:1127. doi:10.3389/fneur.2018.01127
  31. Hoque MM, Sabatier MJ, Borich M, Kesar T, Backus D. The Short-Term Effect of Slope Walking on Soleus H-Reflexes in People with Multiple Sclerosis. Neuroscience. 2018;391:73-80. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.09.007
  32. Rogozinski BM, Schwab SE, Kesar TM. Effects of an Articulated Ankle Foot Orthosis on Gait Biomechanics in Adolescents with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case-Series Report. Phys Med Rehabil Int. 2018;5(2):1144.
  33. King EM, Sabatier MJ, Hoque M, Kesar TM, Backus D, Borich MR. Myelin status is associated with change in functional mobility following slope walking in people with multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin. 2018;4(2):2055217318773540. Published 2018 Apr 27. doi:10.1177/2055217318773540
  34. Kesar TM, Stinear JW, Wolf SL. The use of transcranial magnetic stimulation to evaluate cortical excitability of lower limb musculature: Challenges and opportunities. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2018;36(3):333-348.
  35. Katlin Genthe, Christopher Schenck, Steven Eicholtz, Laura Zajac-Cox, Steven Wolf & Trisha M. Kesar (2018) Effects of real-time gait biofeedback on paretic propulsion and gait biomechanics in individuals post-stroke,Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 25:3, 186-193, DOI:10.1080/10749357.2018.1436384
  36. Kesar TM, Eicholtz S, Lin BJ, Wolf SL, Borich MR. Effects of posture and coactivation on corticomotor excitability of ankle muscles. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2018;36(1):131-146.
  37. Kesar TM, Belagaje SR, Pergami P, Haut MW, Hobbs G, Buetefisch CM. Effects of monoaminergic drugs on training-induced motor cortex plasticity in older adults. Brain Res. 2017;1670:106-117.
  38. Schenck C, Kesar TM. Effects of unilateral real-time biofeedback on propulsive forces during gait. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2017;14(1):52. Published 2017 Jun 6. doi:10.1186/s12984-017-0252-z
  39. Gray WA, Sabatier MJ, Kesar TM, Borich MR. Establishing between-session reliability of TMS-conditioned soleus H-reflexes. Neurosci Lett. 2017;640:47-52.
  40. Palmer JA, Zarzycki R, Morton SM, Kesar TM, Binder-Macleod SA. Characterizing differential poststroke corticomotor drive to the dorsi- and plantarflexor muscles during resting and volitional muscle activation. J Neurophysiol. 2017;117(4):1615-1624.
  41. Kesar TM, McDonald HS, Eicholtz SP, Borich MR. Case Report of Syncope During a Single Pulse Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Experiment in a Healthy Adult Participant. Brain Stimul. 2016;9(3):471-472.
  42. Ting LH, Chiel HJ, Trumbower RD, et al. Neuromechanical principles underlying movement modularity and their implications for rehabilitation. Neuron. 2015;86(1):38-54.
  43. Kesar TM, Reisman DS, Higginson JS, Awad LN, Binder-Macleod SA. Changes in Post-Stroke Gait Biomechanics Induced by One Session of Gait Training. Phys Med Rehabil Int. 2015;2(10):1072.
  44. Kesar TM, Sauer MJ, Binder-Macleod SA, Reisman DS. Motor Learning During Poststroke Gait Rehabilitation. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 2014;38(3):183-189. doi:10.1097/npt.0000000000000047
  45. Awad LN, Reisman DS, Kesar TM, Binder-Macleod SA. Targeting paretic propulsion to improve poststroke walking function: a preliminary study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013;95(5):840-8.
  46. Reisman D, Kesar T, Perumal R, et al. Time course of functional and biomechanical improvements during a gait training intervention in persons with chronic stroke. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2013;37(4):159-65.
  47. Needle AR, Palmer JA, Kesar TM, Binder-Macleod SA, Swanik CB. Brain Regulation of Muscle Tone in Healthy and Functionally Unstable Ankles. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2013;22(3):202-211. doi:10.1123/jsr.22.3.202
  48. Knarr BA, Kesar TM, Reisman DS, Binder-Macleod SA, Higginson JS. Changes in the activation and function of the ankle plantar flexor muscles due to gait retraining in chronic stroke survivors. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2013;10:12. Published 2013 Jan 31. doi:10.1186/1743-0003-10-12
  49. Awad LN, Kesar TM, Reisman D, Binder-Macleod SA. Effects of repeated treadmill testing and electrical stimulation on post-stroke gait kinematics. Gait Posture. 2012;37(1):67-71.
  50. Flynn S, Knarr BA, Perumal R, Kesar TM, Binder-Macleod SA. Using submaximal contractions to predict the maximum force-generating ability of muscles. Muscle Nerve. 2012;45(6):849-58.
  51. Kesar TM, Sawaki L, Burdette JH, et al. Motor cortical functional geometry in cerebral palsy and its relationship to disability. Clin Neurophysiol. 2011;123(7):1383-90.
  52. Hakansson NA, Kesar T, Reisman D, Binder-Macleod S, Higginson JS. Effects of fast functional electrical stimulation gait training on mechanical recovery in poststroke gait. Artif Organs. 2011;35(3):217-20.
  53. Kesar TM, Reisman DS, Perumal R, et al. Combined effects of fast treadmill walking and functional electrical stimulation on post-stroke gait. Gait Posture. 2010;33(2):309-13.
  54. Kesar TM, Binder-Macleod SA, Hicks GE, Reisman DS. Minimal detectable change for gait variables collected during treadmill walking in individuals post-stroke. Gait Posture. 2010;33(2):314-7.
  55. Perumal R, Wexler AS, Kesar TM, Jancosko A, Laufer Y, Binder-Macleod SA. A phenomenological model that predicts forces generated when electrical stimulation is superimposed on submaximal volitional contractions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010;108(6):1595-604.
  56. Kesar TM, Perumal R, Jancosko A, et al. Novel patterns of functional electrical stimulation have an immediate effect on dorsiflexor muscle function during gait for people poststroke. Phys Ther. 2010;90(1):55-66.
  57. Kesar TM, Perumal R, Reisman DS, et al. Functional electrical stimulation of ankle plantarflexor and dorsiflexor muscles: effects on poststroke gait. Stroke. 2009;40(12):3821-7.
  58. Binder-Macleod SA, Perumal R, Chou LW, Kesar T, Snyder-Mackler L. Twitch interpolation a valid measure with misinterpreted meaning. Journal of Applied Physiology 107(1):363; Discussion 367-8, 2009.
  59. Krishnamoorthy V, Hsu W, Scholz JP, Kesar T, Benoit DL, Perumal R, Binder-Macleod SA, Banala SK, Sangwan V, Agrawal SK. Gait training after stroke: a pilot study combining a gravity-balanced orthosis, functional electrical stimulation, and visual feedback. Journal of Neurological Physical Therapy. 32(4):192-202, 2008.
  60. Kesar TM, Ding J, Wexler AS, Perumal R, Maladen R, Binder-Macleod SA. Predicting muscle forces of individuals with hemiparesis following stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2008;5:7. Published 2008 Feb 27. doi:10.1186/1743-0003-5-7
  61. Chou LW, Kesar TM, Binder-Macleod SA. Using customized rate-coding and recruitment strategies to maintain forces during repetitive activation of human muscles. Phys Ther. 2008;88(3):363-75.
  62. Ding J, Chou LW, Kesar TM, et al. Mathematical model that predicts the force-intensity and force-frequency relationships after spinal cord injuries. Muscle Nerve. 2007;36(2):214-22.
  63. Kesar T, Chou LW, Binder-Macleod SA. Effects of stimulation frequency versus pulse duration modulation on muscle fatigue. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2007;18(4):662-71.
  64. Kesar T and Binder-Macleod SA. Effect of frequency and pulse duration on human muscle fatigue during repetitive electrical stimulation. Experimental Physiology. 91(6):967-76, 2006
  65. Binder-Macleod SA, and Kesar T. Catchlike property of skeletal muscle: Recent findings and clinical implications. Muscle Nerve. 31(6):681-93, 2005.

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