In comparing childbirth in Ethiopia and the US in today’s world, there is obviously a tremendous discrepancy between the two. Ethiopia is on one end of the spectrum, with many rural areas with very limited access to any medical care, while in the US the pendulum has swung too far the other way where birth has become almost entirely medicalized. As far as what policy could be implemented in either place to improve outcomes, I think that Ethiopia would benefit most from education–about prenatal care, nutrition, the labor process, fistulas, etc–whether this is on the level of nurses, midwives, or the general population. I think that the US would most benefit from bringing back midwives to the full scope of their practice outside of the hospital, following Europe in returning to a bit more traditional way of childbirth. Additionally, I think that formula companies in the US should be banned from providing free samples to new mothers, as this drive for business can lead to poorer health outcomes for infants.