Mallet Finger

Mallet Finger

Mechanism: Forceful flexion of distal phalanx results in disruption of extensor apparatus. Patients often present with a flexor deformity.

Pathophysiology: This is classified as a type of zone 1 injury involving the DIP joint.

4 Types: Type 1: closed without fracture

Type 2: Open tendon laceration without fracture

Type 3: Open tendon injury with disruption of

subcutaneous tissue

Type 4: Open with fracture of base of distal phalanx

Management:  Type 1 can be splinted in extension for 6 weeks (with dorsal aluminum splint).  Type 2-3 the tendon and overlying skin should be repaired with a figure of 8 stich or a baseball stitch then splinted in extension for 6-8 weeks. Type 4 likely needs orthopedics for operative intervention.

 

 

MalletFinger

By James Heilman, MD (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons

1 comment

  1. http://imgur.com/vzIivUb

Leave a Reply to Mene Demestihas, MD Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published.