吴君梅 – Kwanmui Ng
Chinese Traditional Painting: Ma Yuan’s Landscape Painting
This painting by Ma Yuan is very peaceful. On the left side of the painting there is a very big pine tree. The front and the back have even more trees. Behind the pine trees, there are a couple of relatively tall mountains. Furthermore, you can see that behind the trees there are some traditional style houses. In the lower left corner, there are two men, one who is sitting on the floor, while the other stands behind the other man. They are both looking at the moon.
Ma Yuan was born in the year 1160. His hometown was Hangzhou. He came from a family of well-known painters. Ma Yuan was a very influential painter; other Chinese traditional painters imitated his style. Ma Yuan’s son also became an artist. I chose this painting because once I saw this painting, I thought it was very pretty and had a very calm feeling.
In addition to a calm feeling, I also thought this painting had a profound meaning. This painting emphasizes nature, because the trees, mountain, and fog that Ma Yuan drew engulfed the two men by a large degree. Furthermore, those two men weren’t in the middle, they were only in the bottom left corner. They look very relaxed, peacefully watching the moon. If I were in the painting, I would want to also watch the moon together with them and enjoy Mother Nature. In our lives, we are often extremely busy that we don’t have time to be relaxed nor have the time to appreciate Mother Nature.
This landscape panting is drawn by Wang hui. In the painting, there are three mountains, river, different kinds of trees and many rocks. Many trees are green, but some are red. There is an animal by the river, drinking water. Some mountains are very tall but some are not too tall. By looking at it, the weather is very nice, not hot or cold.
In 1632 during Ming Dynasty, Wang hui was born in Jiangsu. His family has many painters. His father and grandfather were both painters. Wang shi min and Wang jian taught him landscape painting. These two painters are very famous. Wang hui started painting at just age seven. I chose this painting because Wang hui is very famous and the painting is very colorful.
In the landscape painting, Wang hui drew fall landscape. This landscape painting’s atmosphere is both quiet and lonely. I think he likes quiet and lonely atmosphere. But I do not like lonely atmosphere. So If I could draw fall landscape, I would like to draw a lot of red trees and animals to express lively atmosphere.
In Young Park 朴寅荣
这张画又漂亮，又多彩，不过我觉得在这张画里船上的人很悲伤。三个人是分开的，船上的人好像要与他们交朋友。 船上的人独立在波浪中划船。如果我是画家，我想在这个船上放多一个人， 艇上的人会高兴一点。 另外，要是我在这张画里，我想在水里游泳。
This is Qiu Ying’s painting, called Qiu Ying- People. This is a very beautiful painting and has a large mountain. In order to draw the mountain, in addition to using green, Qiu Ying used blue and brown. Moreover, this painting has wavy water, a tree, and three people. One of the three people is riding a boat, and two people are on the mountain. Qiu Ting uses a variety of colors to depict the landscape. It seems that three men are talking
In 1494, Qiu Ying was born in Taicang City of Jiangsu Province. He learned the art of painting from famous painter, Shen Zhou. Unlike other painters who use brown and green, Qiu Ying uses blue and red. Also, his brush technique, called Gongbi, became well known. He became one of the Ming Dynasty’s famous painters. I chose this painting because it is painted with various colors and is beautiful.
This painting is beautiful and colorful, but I think the person on the boat in this painting looks very sad. The three men in the painting are separated, and the person on the boat seems to be friends with them. The person on the boat is rowing alone. If I were the painter, I would like to put one more person on the boat, so the person on the boat can be happy. Besides, if I were in this painting, I would like to swim in that water.
这幅画对我有很好的影响，让我想起Big Sur，一个加州的海岸。我很喜欢Big Sur， 因为那里有很高的山。山下有云和薄雾，山上有很多树，跟这幅画一样。如果我在这幅画的里面，我要爬山去那间房子。到房子以后，我可以休息休息：看书，画画，睡觉，看很漂亮的风景等等。我也可以跟这个男人聊天儿。我想了解他的思想。我觉得住在画里面的生活很轻松。
At first glance, this painting seems simple, but if you look carefully, you can see it is quite complex. The painting has rugged mountains that seem to be tall because their bottoms are shrouded by mist and cloud. On one mountaintop is a home surrounded by trees. To the left of the trees and house is a plateau on which a man sits thoughtfully.
Zhou Chen painted this painting. He lived during China’s Ming Dynasty in Jiangsu Province in the east of China. Zhou Chen really liked to paint mountains, rivers and other landscapes as well as people. When he was old he taught painting and had many famous students such as Tang Yin and Qiu Ying. I chose this painting because of its perspective on life. In the painting the scenery is very large while the person is very small. I think this is correct, but today, many people treat the natural landscape badly and it seems like they think they are bigger than the world. I find looking at this kind of painting very refreshing.
This painting gives me a very good impression and reminds me of Big Sur on California’s coast. I like Big Sur so much because it has tall mountains whose base is shrouded in mist and clouds and tops are covered in trees. It looks a lot like this painting. If I were to be inside the painting, I would climb the mountains to the house. After I arrived at the house I could rest—reading books, painting, sleeping, looking at the beautiful scenery, etc. I could also talk to the man and find out his reflections. I think living in this painting would be very relaxing.
||At first glance
||Seems (to be)
||Shen(1) si(1) de
||Zhou (3) chen(2)
||Zhou Chen (name)
||Tang Yin (name)
||Qiu Yin (name)
||Shi(4) jiao (3)
||Perspective; way of thinking
郭熙的山水画， 早春，是宋代的画。 就像其它中国的山水画， 这张也画用黑色墨水在丝绸上。 早春是他于1072年完成的画。 这张画现在在台北的國立故宮博物院。画里有瀑布、 树、 云， 在山顶还有寺庙。 画的右上有一首皇帝写的诗。
郭熙是湖南出生的。 他是一位最有名的北宋山水画画家。 他认为四季有不同的云和水汽， 所以他画了每个季节不同的山水。 他也画了夏天、 秋天、 和冬天的山。 他画的笔触对后来的画家很大的影响。
我在选山水画的时候， 看了一张张画。 我觉得中国的早期山水画的目的不是为了准确再现自然的外观， 而是表达自然给我们的感情和气氛。 我特别喜欢这张画， 我惊异于他详细的画山。 他表达刚开始的春天真好。 如果我是郭熙， 我会加一些生物， 使这画有一点多活力。我想用别的颜色画一些鸟。 除了这点以外， 我什么都喜欢。
Guo Xi’s landscape painting, Early Spring, is a Song dynasty painting. Much like other Chinese landscape paintings, this one is also drawn on silk with black ink. Early Spring is a piece completed in year 1072. This painting is currently kept at Taipei’s National Palace Museum. In the painting, it has a waterfall, trees, cloud and temple at the mountaintop. Upper right corner has a poem written by an Emperor.
Guo Xi was born in Hunan Province. He is the most famous Northern Song dynasty’s landscape painter. He thought all four seasons have different clouds and vapors, so he drew different landscapes for each season. He also drew summer, fall, and winter mountain. His paintings and brush strokes had a great influence on later painters.
When I was choosing a landscape painting, I saw many painting one after another. I felt like the purpose of the early stage paintings was not to exactly reproduce the nature’s appearance, but to express the emotion and atmosphere that the nature gives us. I particularly liked this painting because I was amazed by the detailed drawing of the mountain. It expresses the just-awaken spring very well. If I were Guo Xi, I would add some living creatures to add more energy to the painting. I want to draw some birds with other colors.
||Guo Xi (the painter’s name)
||Measure word for poem
||Northern Song dynasty